The control switch on the tower control unit works only when the local/remote control unit in the timer cabinet is in the REMOTE position. The audible and visible monitoring alarms, however, are operable whenever the system is in use, even if the local/remote unit is at the LOCAL-ON position. Adjustments are provided on the panel for regulating the brightness of the two green monitor lights and the loudness of the buzzer. A push-button switch is used to test the operation of the buzzer.
Regardless of the design of an airfield system, maintenance is highly recommended to ensure the operational dependency of the field. Routine scheduled downtime is much better than unscheduled downtime in the midst of an operation. Simple visual inspection plus periodic resistance readings of circuit devices, components, and cables reveal probable trouble areas.
Do not get caught in the "jury-rigged trap." This tendency to patch, bypass, piece together, or otherwise rig a system to work "just for a little while" can be as dangerous as a coiled rattlesnake. That "temporary fix" is just sitting there waiting to catch some uninformed individual sent
out to work on the system. This section covers routine maintenance for airfield lighting and underground systems, troubleshooting cable systems, and cable splicing and repair.
Routine maintenance includes, but is not limited to, cleaning, adjusting, lubricating, painting, and treating for corrosion. Components and connections must be checked for condition and security. The insulation of the conductors should be checked for good condition and burns, scrapes, breaks, cracks, or evidence of overheating.
During your visual inspection of an airfield lighting wiring system, you should check the constant- current regulator (CCR) for chipped or cracked porcelain bushings, correct connections, proper fuses and switches, and relays for freedom of movement. Only relay panel covers should be removed. It is not necessary to open the main regulator tank. All covers that are removed should be cleaned and then reinstalled tightly. Cable and isolation transformer connectors require close visual inspections for cuts, bruises, or other mishandling; these conditions could cause premature failure to the system. The mating surfaces of these molded rubber connectors must be clean and dry when they are plugged together. Either dirt or moisture prevents the mating surfaces from making complete surface contact and causes a failure at the connector. When connectors are plugged together, trapped air can cause them to disengage partially. Wait a few seconds and push them together again. Apply two or three turns of tape to hold them in place. When the connectors are clean, dry, and taped properly, the connection is equal or superior to a high- voltage splice.
Check light fixture connections for tightness. Look for cable bends that are too sharp; sharp bends can cause insulation breakdown or connector failure.
Once all components of the system have been visually inspected for damage and the cable system has been checked with a megger and hi-pot, make an operational check ofthe entire airfield lighting system.
1. Working from the control tower with an observer in the vault, operate each switch of the airport and taxiway panel, so that each position is reached at least twice. You must have radio or telephone communication with the observer in the vault during this operation. The observer in the vault determines that each switch properly controls its corresponding circuit.
2. Repeat this operation from the vault (alternate control panel) in the same manner, assuring that each switch position is reached twice.
3. Now, repeat the test by using the local control switches on the regulator.
4. Operate each lighting circuit at maximum brightness for 6 continuous hours. Make a visual inspection of all lights, both at the beginning and at the end of this test to assure that the proper number of lights are operating at full brightness. Measure lamp terminal voltage on at least one lamp in each multiple circuit to assure that this voltage is within 5 of the rated lamp voltage. Dimming of some or all of the lights in a circuit indicates grounded cables.Continue Reading