WOODWORKING TOOLS, MATERIALS, AND
As a Builder, hand and power woodworking tools
essential parts of your trade. To be a proficient
woodworking craftsman, you must be able to use and
maintain a large variety of field and shop tools
To perform your work quickly,
accurately, and safely, you must select and use the
correct tool for the job at hand. Without the proper
tools and the knowledge to use them, you waste time,
reduce efficiency, and may injure yourself or others.
Power tools not only are essential in performing
specific jobs, but also play an important role in your
daily work activities.
Keep in mind that you are
responsible for knowing and observing all safety
precautions applicable to the tools and equipment you
operate. For additional information on the topics
discussed in this chapter, you are encouraged to study
Tools and Their Uses, NAVEDTRA 10085-B2.
Because that publication contains a detailed
discussion of common tools used by Builders, we will
not repeat that information in this chapter.
In this chapter, several of the most common
power tools used by Builders are briefly described.
Their uses, general characteristics, attachments, and
safety and operating features are outlined. To become
skilled with these power tools and hand tools, you
must use them.
You should also study the
manufacturers operator and maintenance guides for
each tool you use for additional guidance. We will
also be covering materials and methods of
LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Upon completing
this section, you should be able to determine
the proper use and maintenance requirements
of portable power tools.
Your duties as a Builder include developing and
improving your skills and techniques when working
with different power tools. In this section, well
identify and discuss the most common power tools
that are in the Builders workshop or used on the
jobsite. Well also discuss safety precautions as they
relate to the particular power tool under discussion.
You must keep in mind and continually stress to your
crew that woodworking power tools can be
dangerous, and that safety is everyones responsi-
As a Builder, you might be assigned to a shop.
Therefore, you will need to know some of the
common power tools and equipment found there.
Shop Radial Arm Saw
Figure 3-1 illustrates a typical shop radial arm
saw. The procedures used in the operation,
maintenance, and lubrication of any shop radial arm
saw are found in the manufacturers operator and
maintenance manuals. The safety precautions to be
observed for this saw are found in these same
manuals. The primary difference between this saw
and other saws of this type (field saws) is the location
Tilt-Arbor Table Bench Saw
A tilt-arbor table bench saw (figure 3-2) is so
named because the saw blade can be tilted for cutting
bevels by tilting the arbor. The arbor, located beneath
the table, is controlled by the tilt handwheel. In
earlier types of bench saws, the saw blade remained
stationary and the table was tilted. A canted (tilted)
saw table is hazardous in many ways; most modern
table saws are of the tilt-arbor type.
To rip stock, remove the cutoff gauges and set the
rip fence away from the saw by a distance equal to the
desired width of the piece to be ripped off. The piece
is placed with one edge against the fence and fed
through with the fence as a guide.
To cut stock square, set the cutoff gauge at 90° to
the line of the saw and set the ripping fence to the
outside edge of the table, away from the stock to be
cut. The piece is then placed with one edge against