purposes, all labor is classified as either productive or
overhead. Labor codes are shown in figure 1-2.
Productive labor either directly or indirectly
contributes to the completion of the units mission,
including construction operations and training. It is
broken down into four categories: direct labor,
indirect labor, military operations and readiness, and
Direct labor includes labor expended directly on
assigned construction tasks contributing directly to
the completion of an end product. It can be either in
the field or in the shop. Direct labor must be reported
separately for each assigned construction task.
Indirect labor is labor required to support construction
operations but not producing an end product itself.
Military operations and readiness includes work
necessary to ensure the units military and mobility
readiness. It consists of all manpower expended in
actual military operations, unit embarkation, and
planning and preparations.
Training includes attendance at service schools,
factory and industrial courses, fleet-level training and
short courses, military training, and organized
training conducted within the battalion or unit.
Overhead labor, compared to productive labor,
does not contribute directly or indirectly to the
completion of an end product. It includes labor that
must be performed regardless of the assigned mission.
During project planning and scheduling, each
direct labor phase of the project is given an
For example, excavating and
setting forms may be assigned code R-15; laying
block, code R-16; and installing bond beams, code
R-17. (Since there are many types of construction
Figure 1-2.Labor codes.