Figure 9-4.-Sample Bill of Material (BM) sheet.
This loss may occur during shipping, handling, storage, or from the weather. Waste is inevitable where material is subject to cutting or final fitting before installation. Frequently, material, such as lumber, conduit, or pipe, has a standard issue length longer than required. More often than not, however, the excess is too short for use and ends up as waste. Waste and loss factors vary depending on the individual item and should be checked against the conversion and waste factors found in NAVFAC P-405, appendix C.
CHECKLISTS. - Use checklists to eliminate any omissions from the material estimates. Prepare a list for each individual project when you examine the drawings, specifications, and activity estimates. This is the practical way to prepare a listing for the variety of material used in a project. The listing applies only to the project for which it has been prepared. If no mistakes or omissions have been made in either the checklist or estimate, the material estimate will contain a quantity for each item on the list.
LONG LEAD TIMES. - Long lead items are not readily available through the normal supply system. They require your special attention to ensure timely delivery. Items requiring a long lead time are nonshelf items, such as steam boilers, special door and window frames, items larger than the standard issue, and electrical transformers for power distribu- tion systems. Identify and order these items early. Make periodic status checks of the orders to avoid delays in completing the project.
PREPARING MATERIAL ESTIMATES. - There are several steps for preparing a material estimate. First, determine the activity by using the activity description with the detailed information furnished by the drawings and plans to provide a quantity of work. Convert this quantity to the material required. Next, enter the conversion on a work sheet to show how each quantity was computed, as shown in figure 9-2. Include sufficient detail; work sheets need to be self-explanatory. Anyone examin- ing them should be able to determine how the quantities were computed without having to consult the estimator. Allowances for waste and loss are added after determining the total requirement. All computations should appear on the estimate work sheet, as must all notes relative to the reuse of the material. Material project are entered quantities for similar items of a on the Material Takeoff Sheet orContinue Reading