the pieces (figure 3-69) and assemble them in place.
Think of building in-place cabinets in four steps.
1. Construct the base first. Use straight 2-by-4
lumber for the base. Nail the lumber to the floor and
to a strip attached to the wall. If the floor is not level,
place shims under the various members of the base.
Later, you can face any exposed 2-by-4 surfaces with
a finished material, or the front edge can be made of a
finished piece, such as base molding.
Figure 3-69.-Typical frame construction of a cabinet.
2. Next, cut and install the end panels. Attach a
strip along the wall between the end panels and level
with the top edge. Be sure the strip is level throughout
its length. Nail it securely to the wall studs.
3. Cut the bottom panels and nail them in place
on the base. Follow this with the installation of the
partitions, which are notched at the back corner of the
top edge so they will fit over the wall strip.
4. Finally, plumb the front edge of the partitions
and end panels. Secure them with temporary strips
nailed along the top.
Wall units are made using the same basic steps as
the base units. You should make your layout lines
directly on the ceiling and wall. Nail the mounting
strips through the wall into the studs. At the inside
corners, end panels can be attached directly to the
Remember to make your measurements for both
base and wall units carefully, especially for openings
for built-in appliances.
Refer frequently to your
drawings and specifications to ensure accuracy.
Shelves are an integral part of cabinetmaking,
especially for wall units. Cutting dadoes into cabinet
walls to fit in shelves may actually strengthen the
cabinet (figure 3-70.) When adding shelves, try to
make them adjustable so the storage space can be
altered as needed. Figure 3-71 shows two methods of
installing adjustable shelves.
Whatever method of shelf support you use, make
sure that your measurements are accurate and the
shelves are level. Most of the time, you will find it
easier to do your cutting and drilling before you start
assembling the cabinets. If the shelf standards are the
type that are set in a groove, you must cut the groove