release the support. When operating the drill press,
ensure that the head support collar lock handle is tight
at all times.
As you face the drill press, the tilting table lock
handle is located at the right-rear side of the tilting
table bracket. The lockpin secures the table at a
horizontal or 45° angle. This allows you to move the
table to the side, out of the way for long pieces of
wood. The table support collar (8) allows you to raise
or lower the table. Turn the tilting table lock handle
counterclockwise to release the tilting table bracket so
it can be moved up and down or around the bench
column. Lock the tilting table assembly at the desired
height by turning the lock handle clockwise. When
operating the drill press, ensure that the tilting table
lock handle is tight at all times.
The adjustable locknut (14) is located on the
depth gauge rod (17). The purpose of the adjustable
locknut is to regulate depth drilling. Turn the
adjustable locknut clockwise to decrease the
downward travel of the spindle. The locknut must be
secured against the depth pointer (13) when operating
the drill press. The depth of the hole is shown on the
depth scale (15).
Observe the following safety precautions when
operating a drill press:
Make sure that the drill is properly secured in
the chuck (12) and that the chuck key (9) is
removed before starting the drill press.
Make sure your material is properly secured.
Operate the feed handle with a slow, steady
pressure to make sure you dont break the drill
bit or cause the V-belt to slip.
Make sure all locking handles are tight and that
the V-belt is not slipping.
Make sure the electric cord is securely
connected and in good shape.
Make sure you are not wearing hanging or
Listen for any sounds that may be
After you have finished operating
press, make sure the area is clean.
The woodworking lathe is, without question, the
oldest of all woodworking machines.
In its early
form, it consisted of two holding centers with the
suspended stock being rotated by an endless rope belt.
It was operated by having one person pull on the rope
hand over hand while the cutting was done by a
second person holding crude hand lathe tools on an
improvised beam rest.
The actual operations of woodturning performed
on a modern lathe are still done to a great degree with
woodturners hand tools. However, machine lathe
work is coming more and more into use with the
introduction of newly designed lathes for that
The lathe is used in turning or shaping round
drums, disks, and any object that requires a true
diameter. The size of a lathe is determined by the
maximum diameter of the work it can swing over its
bed. There are various sizes and types of wood lathes,
ranging from very small sizes for delicate work to
large surface or bull lathes that can swing jobs 15 feet
Figure 3-5 illustrates a type of lathe that you may
find in your shop. It is made in three sizes to swing
16-, 20-, and 24-inch diameter stock. The lathe has
four major parts: bed, headstock, tailstock, and tool
The lathe shown in figure 3-5 has an iron bed and
comes in assorted lengths. The bed is a broad, flat
surface that supports the other parts of the machine.
The headstock is mounted on the left end of the
lathe bed. All power for the lathe is transmitted
through the headstock. It has a fully enclosed motor
that gives variable spindle speed. The spindle is
threaded at the front end to receive the faceplates. A
faceplate attachment to the motor spindle is furnished
to hold or mount small jobs having large diameters.
There is also a flange on the rear end of the spindle to
receive large faceplates, which are held securely by
four stud bolts.
The tailstock is located on the right end of the
lathe and is movable along the length of the bed. It
supports one end of the work while the other end is
being turned by the headstock spur. The tail center
can be removed from the stock by simply backing the
The shank is tapered to center the point