Figure 3-41.-90° plain butt Joints.
LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Upon completing
this section, you should be able to identify the
various methods and joints associated with
In the following section, we will cover some of
the methods used by Builders in joining wood.
PLANING AND SQUARING TO
Planing and squaring a small piece of board to
dimensions is what you might call the first lesson in
woodworking. Like many other things you may have
tried to do, it looks easy until you try it. The six major
steps in this process are illustrated and described in
figure 3-40. You should practice these steps until you
can get a smooth, square board with a minimum of
JOINTS AND JOINING
One basic skill of woodworking is the art of
joining pieces of wood to form tight, strong,
well-made joints. The two pieces that are to be joined
together are called members. The two major steps in
making joints are (1) laying out the joint on the ends,
edges, or faces and (2) cutting the members to the
required shapes for joining.
The instruments normally used for laying out
joints are the try square, miter square, combination
square, the sliding T-bevel, the marking or mortising
gauge, a scratch awl, and a sharp pencil or knife for
scoring lines. For cutting the more complex joints by
hand, the hacksaw dovetail saw and various chisels
are essential. The rabbet-and-fillister plane (for
rabbet joints) and the router plane (for smoothing the
bottoms of dadoes and gains) are also helpful.
Simple joints, like the butt (figures 3-41 and
3-42), the lap (figure 3-43), and the miter joints
Figure 3-42.-End butt joints with fishplates.
Figure 3-43.-Lap Joints.