EAVEThe part of a roof projecting over the sidewall.
EFFLORESCENCEA white powdery substance
forming on masonry surfaces. It is caused by
calcium carbide in the mortar.
END-BEARING PILEA bearing pile deriving
practically all its support from firm underlying
ESSEX BOARD MEASUREA method for rapidly
calculating board feet.
FASCIAThe flat outside horizontal member of a
cornice placed in a vertical position.
FERROUSAny metal containing a high percentage
FOOTINGAn enlargement at the lower end of a wall
to distribute the load.
FURRINGAny extra material added to another
piece or member to bring an uneven surface to a true
plane and to provide additional nailing surface.
GAINAn area removed by chiseling where hinges
and locks can be mounted flush with a surface.
GIRDERA supporting beam laid crosswise to the
building; a long tress.
GIRTA horizontal brace; used on outside walls
covered with vertical siding.
GLAZEThe process of installing glass panes in
window frames and doorframes and applying putty
to hold the glass in position.
GROINA bulkhead, generally made of piling, built
out from the shoreline perpendicular to the
direction of the current or drift to cut off and prevent
the carrying of beach materials along the shore.
GUSSETA plate connecting members of a truss
HYDRATIONThe chemical reaction between
cement and water causing the cement paste to
harden and to bind the aggregates together to form
mortar or concrete.
JETTINGA method of forcing water around and
under a pile to displace and lubricate the
JETTYA term designating various types of small
wharf structures, such as a small boat jetty or a
refueling jetty. In harborprotection works, a rock
mound or other structure extending into a body of
water to direct and confine the stream or tidal flow
to a selected channel.
JOISTHeavy pieces of lumber laid on edge
horizontally to form the floor and ceiling support
LINTELA support beam placed over an opening in
MILLWORKIn woodworking, any material that has
been machined, finished, and partly assembled at
MITERA butt joint of two members at equal angles.
MOLEA massive stone or masonry breakwater
constructed of concrete or steel sheet pile and
constructed on the inner side of a jetty for unloading
and loading ships.
MULLIONThe division between multiple windows
MUNTINThe small members dividing glass panes
in a window frame; vertical separators between
panels in a panel door.
PARAPET7he part of a wall above the roof line.
PIGMENTAn insoluble coloring substance, usually
in powder form, mixed with oil or water to color
PILELoadbearing member made of timber, steel,
concrete, or a combination of these materials;
usually forced into the ground.