PILE BENTTwo or more piles driven in a row
transverse to the long dimension of the structure
and fastened together by capping and (sometimes)
PILE BUTTThe larger end of a tapered pile; usually
the upper end as driven.
PILE CAPSA structural member placed on top of a
pile to distribute loads from the structure to the pile.
PURLINHorizontal members of a roof supporting
common railers. Also, members between trusses
QUAYA margin wharf adjacent to the shore and
generally of solid filled construction.
RAFTERA sloping roof member supporting the roof
covering and extending from the ridge or the hip of
the roof to the eaves.
RAKEThe inclined position of a cornice; also the
angle of slope of a roof rafter.
RIDGEThe long joining members placed at the
angle where two slopes of a roof meet at the peak.
RISEIn a roof, the vertical distance between the plate
and the ridge. In a stair, the total height of the stair.
SASHThe movable part of a window.
SILLSThe first members of a frame set in place.
SOFFITThe underside of a subordinate member of
SPANThe shortest distance between a pair of rafter
SPECIFICATIONSWritten instructions containing
information about the materials, style,
workmanship, and finish for the job.
STUDThe vertical members of wooden forms or
TRUSSA combination of members, such as beams,
bars, and ties; usually arranged in triangular units
to forma rigid framework for supporting loads over
WAINSCOTA wall covering for the lower part of an
interior wall; can be wood, glass, or tile.