The installation of the overhead door (fig. 9-41) does
present a problem in that it does interrupt the integrity
of the wall system. This situation is quickly overcome
by the easily installed and adjustable (height and
width) door frame package that supports both the door
and end wall. This door frame package is offered by
Keep in mind that the information provided in this
section on the K-span building is minimal. During the
actual construction of this building, you must consult
the manufacturers complete set of manuals.
LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Upon completing
this section, you should be able to identify the
procedures and techniques used in preparing
material for embarkation.
For a smooth, expedient mount-out, careful pre-
planning and organizing are required. Embarkation,
whether by air, land, sea, or any combinations thereof,
is an all-hands evolution. A successful move requires
Flexibility is extremely important. Proper
embarkation depends to a large extent on the mutual
understanding of objectives and capabilities, and full
cooperation in planning and execution by both the unit
mobilizing and the organization providing the lift.
Whenever possible, early communication and
coordination between the two is extremely important.
Embarkation planning involves all measures
necessary to assure timely and effective out-loading
of the amphibious task force and portions thereof.
Planning for embarkation also applies to all unit
moves, regardless of the method used for movement.
These measures are determined by the availability of
transportation and the transportation requirements of
the unit moving. In amphibious embarkation, the
OPNAV level in the chain of command determines
overall shipping requirements and the embarkation
schedules. This enables subordinate units to prepare
detailed loading plans for individual ships. Planning
requires constant coordination between commanders
in the Navy and the Air Force; they must have a mutual
understanding of the problems of each support group.
However, in the final analysis, the embarkation plan
must support the tactical deployment plan of the unit.
In the case of an amphibious landing, it must support
the tactical plan for landing and the scheme of
Embarkation planning requires detailed
knowledge of the characteristics, capabilities, and
limitations of ships, aircraft, and amphibious vehicles,
and their relationships to the troops, supplies, and
equipment to be embarked. The planner must be
familiar with transport types of amphibious ships,
Military Sealift Command (MSC) ships, merchant
ships, and cargo aircraft. MSC ships and merchant
ships pose certain problems; basically, they are not
designed, equipped, or have a crew large enough for
amphibious operations. But, their use must be
anticipated. The additional requirements of hatch
crews, winchmen, cargo-handling equipment, cargo
nets, assault craft, and other facilities must be
provided by the user.
Whether by ship during amphibious operations or
by aircraft for assault force support operations, you
must observe certain principles to ensure proper
First, embarkation plans must support the plan for
landing and the scheme of maneuvers ashore.
Personnel, equipment, and supplies must be loaded so
they can be unloaded at the time and in the sequence
required to support operations ashore.
Second, embarkation plans must provide for the
highest possible degree of unit self-sufficiency.
Troops should not be separated from their combat
equipment and supplies. Weapons crews should be
embarked on the same ship or aircraft with their
weapons; radio operators with their radios; and
equipment operators with their equipment. In
addition, each unit should embark with sufficient
combat supplies, such as ammunition, gasoline, and
radio batteries, to sustain its combat operations during
the initial period in the operational area. All personnel
should have sufficient water and rations to sustain
themselves for 24 hours.
Third, plans must provide for rapid unloading in
the objective area. This can be achieved by a balanced
distribution of equipment and supplies.
Fourth, and last, plans must provide for dispersion
of critical units and supplies among several ships or
aircraft. The danger of not doing so is obvious. If
critical units and supplies are not dispersed, loss of one
ship, or a relatively few ships or aircraft, could result