should be used with the butt joint. Fixed shelves
are dadoed into the sides.
Screws should go through the hanging strips and
into the stud framing. Never use nails. Toggle
bolts are required when studs are inaccessible.
Join units by first clamping them together and
then, while aligned, install bolts and T-nuts.
After the base units are fastened in position, the
counter top is laid on top of the units and against the
wall. Here are some helpful hints for installing counter
1. Move the counter top, if necessary, so that it
overhangs the same amount over the face frame of the
2. Adjust dividers for the difference between the
amount of overhang and the desired amount of
overhang. Scribe this amount on the backsplash if it has
a scribing strip.
3. Cut the backsplash to the scribed line and fit it
to the wall.
4. Fasten the counter top to the base cabinets with
screws up through the top skeleton frame of the base
units. Use a stop on the drill bit so you do not drill
through the counter top.
In some cases, backsplashes are not built with
scribing strips. To fit the backsplash to the wall, hold
the counter top in the desired position. Press the
backsplash against the wall at intervals and mark its
outside face on the countertop. Remove the countertop
and fasten the backsplash to the counter top on the
marked lines. Fasten the counter top and backsplash in
Another method is to leave off the laminate on the
face of the backsplash. Fasten the counter top in
position. Hold the backsplash down tight on the counter
top and nail it to the wall through its face. Then laminate
the face of the backsplash on the job after it has been
fastened in position. The disadvantage of this method
is that it is difficult to remove the backsplash if the
counter top has to be replaced.
Builders use many methods of building drawers.
The three most common methods are the multiple
dovetail, lock-shouldered, and square-shouldered
methods (fig. 5-13).
Figure 5-13.Three common types of joints used in drawer
Several types of drawer guides are available. The
three most commonly used are the side guide, the corner
guide, and the center guide, as shown in figure 5-14,
The two general types of drawer faces are the lip
and flush faces, as shown in figure 5-14, view B. A flush
drawer must be carefully fitted. A lip drawer must have
a rabbet along the top and sides of the front. The lip
style overlaps the opening and is much easier to
Drawer dimensions are usually given as width,
height, and depth, in that order. The width of the drawer
is the distance across the drawer opening. The height is
the vertical distance of the opening. The depth is the
distance from the front to the back.