as built-in unit. Floor plans usually show the
cabinetwork location, while elevation plans usually
provide detailed dimensions, as shown in figure 5-2.
DESIGNING A PRODUCT
Builders are often provided with complete working
drawings of a product to be constructed. The drawings
usually contain information to build the product, such
as size, style, material, construction, and finish.
Sometimes the Builder must design, sketch, and make
a working drawing from the customers verbal
specifications or from simple line drawings. To make
a working drawing from the incomplete instructions
supplied by the customer, the Builder must
know the principles of good cabinet design;
be familiar with popular cabinet styles;
develop a sketch that meets the customers
specifications and conforms to good design
make a working drawing from the sketch in
order to build the product.
When designing a product, you must consider the
purpose, strength, size-shape proportion, appearance,
time, and cost of the product. The time designing helps
avoid mistakes and saves time in the long run. One of
the most important considerations in designing a
product is its purpose. A products purpose maybe the
deciding factor in determining the design. For example,
a bookcase must be the proper size and strength to hold
the desired quantity and kind of books. Cabinets and
furniture are usually make only strong enough to fulfill
their purpose. The strength required of a object may
determine such things as the type of joint, the size, and
the kind of wood. It is often better to use strong woods
like oak, ash, or maple to give the strength required by
a product. Oversized softwood, like pine, may also be
used. However, using oversize parts gives a massive
and awkward appearance to a product.
Some furniture and cabinets must be built to
standard sizes in order to serve its purpose. A dining
table that is too low will not serve its purpose. A kitchen
cabinet counter top that is too narrow will not
accommodate a sink. In addition to size and shape, the
designer must also consider proportion. The proportion
of a cabinet is the relationship between its dimensions
which include its width, height, and length. Some
proportions are more pleasing to the eye than others.
The appearance of a cabinet maybe largely due to
its purpose, location, and finish. If the product is to be
painted, a less expensive material maybe used. If it is
stained with a clear finish, a better quality material
should be used. The appearance of cabinet doors may
be changed by cutting shapes in doors instead of solid
doors. The edges of the doors may be lipped or cut
square according to the appearance desired.
Figure 5-2.Typical dimensions for cabinetwork.