Category III - Marginal: May cause minor
personnel injury, minor occupational illness, or
minor property damage.
Category IV - Negligible: Probably would not
affect personnel safety or health but is
nevertheless in violation of specific criteria.
Step 2: Identify corrective action Our
primary reference for preventive measures is the
Occupational Safety and Health Standards for the
Construction Industry, 29 CFR PART 1926 and our
secondary reference being the U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers Safety and Health Requirements Manual,
Step 3: Obtain equipment/material/training
The operations department and safety department will
provide assistance for setting up training and any
equipment or material necessary for the mishap.
Step 4: Ensure personnel awareness A key
to a successful mishap prevention program is
personnel awareness. The purpose of the daily 5
minute stand-up safety lecture is to make sure
everyone is properly trained to perform the task at
hand. These lectures must address all hazards
identified on NCF CAS sheets or any construction task
performed by the Seabees.
Step 5: Proper supervision The crew leader
is responsible for making sure the crew members are
provided with the proper training, equipment, and
material to perform their task.
Step 6: Emergency response To ensure that
an emergency response is not delayed in the event of
a mishap, you must post on the jobsite the location of
the nearest phone, a map of the nearest medical
facility, and emergency phone numbers.
Step 7: Investigate and report Any mishap or
near mishap must be documented to minimize the
chance of it happening again. Crew leaders must
initiate a mishap report.
When a MISHAP occurs in your shop or office or
within your crew, you must submit an accident/mishap
report to the safety officer. Use the sample message
format shown in figure 1-6, as described in
When you properly use this report, it is one of
your best mishap prevention tools. In many cases, the
difference between a minor mishap and a major one is
a matter of good fortune. Do not ignore mishaps that
result in small cuts and bruises; investigate the reason
for them and correct the cause. If you persist in doing
this, you will have a safe and efficient jobsite, shop, or
Before filling out an accident/mishap report, you
must conduct a mishap investigation to get the answer
to questions, such as those in the following six
1. Unsafe conditions. Was the equipment
improperly guarded, unguarded, or inadequately
guarded? Was the equipment or material rough,
slippery, sharp-edged, decayed, worn, or cracked? Was
there a hazardous arrangement, such as congested work
space, lack of proper lifting equipment, or unsafe
planning? Was the proper safety apparel being worn?
Were the proper respirators, goggles, and gloves
2. Type of mishap. Did an object strike the person?
Did the person fall at the same level or from a different
level; or did the person get caught between objects or
slip (not fall)?
3. Unsafe act. Was the person operating a machine
without proper authorization or at an unsafe speed; that
is, too fast or too slow? Was a safety device made
inoperative; that is, blocked out or removed? Was a
load made unsafe or were tools or equipment left in an
unsafe place where they would fall? Did someone fail
to wipe oil, water, grease, or paint from working
surfaces? Did the injured person take an unsafe position
or posture or lift with a bent back or while in an awkward
position? Did the person lift jerkily or ride in an unsafe
position on a vehicle or use improper means of
ascending or descending? Was the injury caused by
failure to wear the provided safety attire or personal
protective devices, such as goggles, gloves, masks,
aprons, or safety shoes?
4. Unsafe personal factor. Was the person
absentminded or inattentive; unaware of safe
procedures, unskilled, or unable to recognize a
hazardous situation? Did the person fail to understand
the instructions, regulations, or safety rules. Did this
person willfully disregard instructions or safety rules;
or did this person have a personal weakness, such as
poor eyesight, defective hearing, or a hernia?
5. Type or injury. Did the injured person sustain a
cut, sprain, strain, hernia, or fracture?