be performed by the trainees. Then point out to the
trainees their place on the team and explain to them
their role in accomplishing the mission of the unit.
Stress the advantages of their doing the job well, and
how the training benefits them, their organization, and
The trainers should also explain facts about the job
to be done, principles that are proven and workable,
and directions on ways to do the job safely, easily, and
economically. Explain also, any technical terms or
techniques that will improve the skills of the trainees.
Furthermore, stress the importance of teamwork and
attention to detail in each operation of a job.
The trainers and trainees are to discuss the
problems that arise in doing a job, and try to clear up
any questions the trainees may have concerning the
job. Trainers are to point out to the trainees the
similarities of different jobs. Furthermore, trainers
are to cover the relationship of procedures in a
particular job to things with which the trainees are
already familiar. This way the trainees learn through
association with past experiences. Also important,
trainers are to discuss the progress of the trainees.
The most valuable end product of a peacetime
military operation is well-trained personnel.
Regardless of the units mission, you must have
trained personnel to carry it out. All petty officers in
the Navy are responsible for training the personnel
under their immediate supervision. Do NOT take this
Effective training requires a great deal of planning
and directed effort. To prevent a haphazard approach
to the job of training, you must organize materials into
logical sequence and use an accurate method to
measure the results. When any learning takes place,
there will be results. When no learning takes place,
you have not trained. The following four steps are
provided to help you plan and carry out your training
Encourage learning by using the correct training
Measure achievement at regular intervals to
assure that learning is taking place.
Record results to document progress and to
improve your training system.
Reward or recognize those who perform.
Evaluations are worthwhile tools. Both you and
the trainee will want an evaluation of the work
accomplished. Generally, the most valid trainer
evaluations are obtained by testing the trainees. When
they have learned to perform in a highly satisfactory
manner, this is the best indication that training has
occurred. Personnel must be trained correctly.
Improper training, in many cases, is worse than no
training at all.
Performance testing enables you to do a better job
of conducting an OJT program. Use performance tests
to find how well your trainees are doing their jobs.
However, it is difficult to find a test that truly assists
you in evaluating performance.
Performance tests should enable you to rate the
work of subordinates accurately enough to carry out
the following objectives:
To help you determine the qualifications of
To aid you in rating the improvement of persons
To help you determine whether trainees can
To assist you in assigning new people to
To help you locate trainees strengths and
Since it is a practical check on a work project, a
performance test must be conducted in a sample work
situation in which the trainee performs some active
task that can be examined. The testis not designed to
measure what a person knows about the job (a written
or oral test may fill that need for you). Instead, it is
intended to help you rate that persons ability to
actually do the job. Do your best in organizing and
administering the performance test. There will always
be room for improvement in most of the testing that
Proper administration and planning are the
backbone of any project (large or small), and they are
just as important as constructing the project.
You will have personnel assigned to you whom
you must employ effectively and safely. Your