Major fires (such as forest fires that imminently endanger populated areas)
Other disasters which may be decreed as a national emergency by the President of the United States or other officials authorized to declare emergencies and activate a military response
All actions taken by the NCF in response to a natural disaster are dedicated to reduce, prevent, and repair damage. Certain measures that can be taken by the NCF in preparation for the types of potential disasters that may be indicative of a specific geographical area are as follows:
Maintain emergency communication equipment in a state of readiness.
Identify shelter areas designed to withstand specific types of disasters within those geographical areas that are prone to them.
Advance stockpiling of critical materials, such as food, water, medicinal supplies, and basic creature comfort items (blankets, soap, emergency clothing, etc.).
Maintain copies of the local Disaster Preparedness Plan within each department of a unit.
Maintain an active disaster recovery organization and make sure each person is fully aware of what is expected of them. When assigned to recovery teams, ensure that training has been accomplished. Identify and maintain a listing of CESE and of operators required for each type of disaster response.
Each NCF unit is responsible for disaster control measures to protect its own personnel, equipment., campsites, and jobsites. The standard organization of an NCF unit makes it a highly effective disaster control and recovery unit. These units must be prepared to give direct assistance to any military installation or civilian community to assist in returning conditions to as near normal as possible after a natural disaster occurs.
WAR DAMAGE REPAIR
When naval facilities are damaged by military action, they must be repaired to operational use in the shortest time possible. The United States has a policy of maintaining a forward defense strategy which contributes significantly to allied solidarity. Advance basing is provided to support any deployed force. The NCF is tasked to establish and man the forward logistics support facilities to ensure sustainability of the operational forces according to the naval maritime strategy. This strategy identifies war damage repair as a critical NCF capability. The list of critical war damage repair capabilities shown below is not all-inclusive. It is only an example of some of the tasks that may be assigned to the NCF in the event of conflict or attack upon the facilities of the United States or its allies.
Airfields and operational facilities
Fuel storage areas
Fleet hospital facilities
Piers and wharf facilities
Railroad facilities that support fleet operations
OPNAVINST 3501.115C is the required operational capabilities and the projected operational environment (ROC/POE) which describes the major identifiable tasks that the NCF is expected to accomplish. The above listing is only a few of the many items identified by the ROC and POE.
Materials, procedures, and techniques for rapid repair of bomb-damaged airfield runways and taxiways have been under development for several years. The need for such developments has grown because of the substantial increase in the diversity and lethality of both air-launched and surface-launched weapons, capable of inflicting damage on airfield runways and taxiways.
As part of the mobilization planning process of the Navy, the NCF has developed standard units of material, personnel, and equipment to perform specific combat-related functions at advanced naval bases. Advanced base functional component (ABFC) P-36 is the functional component for use in performing rapid runway repair tasks. The ABFC P-36 rapid runway repair component contains the material and equipment required for the repair of bomb craters using specified types of earthmoving and earthworking equipment for crater cleanout, backfilling, grading, and compaction. Traffic surface panels, emplaced over the repaired craters, are fabricated from the following:Continue Reading