lubricants, and so on) are to be located
where they are convenient to the users,
secured safely (locked up), and at a safe
distance to minimize injury in the event of
a mishap. Warning signs pertaining to
hazardous materials are required to be
posted. The shop safety petty officer is to
be aware of all of the locations of these
materials in the maintenance shop. All
shop personnel have to be briefed and are
to understand fully countermeasures to
take in the event of an accident. Complete
safety instructions for hazardous materials
storage are listed in the U. S. Army Corps
Safety and Health
Requirements Manual, EM 385-1-1.
Fuels may be stored in underground tanks,
fuel bladders, or properly equipped fuel tankers.
The method of disbursing fuels depends on
whether the site is temporary or not. At a
temporary site, drummed fuels may be used.
When selecting a fueling site, consider the
accessibility of vehicles requiring fuel. Tracklaying
equipment and automotive equipment are usually
fueled in separate areas to avoid congestion.
Paints and lubricants are inventoried by the
supply department. However, you are responsible
for storing those in use or drawn in large
quantities. Storing lubricants properly includes
taking steps to prevent fire or contamination by
water. Paints should be stored away from flames.
Provide a fire-resistant area for paints stored
inside a building. A well-constructed metal
CONEX box is generally suitable for small
quantities. By using good housekeeping practices,
you can help avoid accidents or fires.
Gases normally used by Construction
Mechanics include oxygen, acetylene, MAPP-gas,
helium, and butane. The U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers Safety and Health Requirements
Manual, EM 385-1-1 is the current reference for
safe handling and storage of compressed gases.
Oil and grease must NOT be allowed
to come in contact with gases; if they do,
they may explode or burn out of control.
Compressed gas containers will be segregated
and stored in the manner prescribed at specific
distances from each other and working areas.
Acid or electrolyte used in the battery shop
is to be stored in an upright position on a stable
platform. This space is to be well ventilated, A
facility for quick drenching of the eyes is to be
available in this area.
SPILLS AND CLEANUP
When spilled in the shop, fuels are hazardous.
They cause fires and accidental falls and they
contaminate air and water. Small spills can be
cleaned with absorbents that must be disposed of
properly. Good housekeeping means fewer
Spills at fueling stations are normally smaller
than bulk fuel spills. They may be absorbed with
sand or oil dry types of absorbents. These
absorbents must be properly disposed of also.
Fueling spills spell fire! Hosing the affected
area with water will dilute the fuel to a degree,
but it will also spread the fuel over a larger area.
Fuels may contaminate water systems as well as
sewer systems. Should a large quantity of volatile
fuel enter a sewer system, notify proper
Oil drums at fueling stations used by the
Equipment Operators must have a catch trough
for spillage. Oil caught in this way is placed in
a container for waste oil. Waste oil from service
stations, shops, and lubrication areas is disposed
of by re-refining when possible.
Using waste oil as a dust or weed control agent
is prohibited, because this oil often washes into
water systems during heavy rains. Burning of
waste oil contributes to air pollution and is
prohibited. Re-using or burning waste oils is
allowed in large power plants that can separate
contaminates or blend the waste with fuel
Field repair personnel are responsible for
collecting oils and fuels drained during repair
operations. Spilled lubricants penetrate the soil
and could reach the groundwater table.
Contaminating the groundwater table may harm
local drinking water. Immobilize a ground spill
by adding dry soil to soak up the spill. To prevent
contamination of the water table, collect the waste
lubricants and return them to a collection point
for disposal. You must develop contingency
plans in case of a hazardous material spill.
OPNAVINST 4110.2 (series), Hazardous Material
Control and Management, and OPNAVINST
5090.1 (series), Environment and Natural
Resources Protection Manual provide detailed