Trenches less than 5 feet in depth shall also be
protected when examination of the ground
indicates hazardous ground movement may be
expected. The safe angle of repose for soil
conditions and bracing systems shall be
determined by a qualified person.
Refer to the EM 385 for specific details. All
excavations must follow 29CFR1910.28, OSHA
Here is a general listing of scaffolding
requirements (for a complete list see the EM 385 and
Scaffolds or platforms are required for all work
that cannot be done safely from the ground.
Work requiring lifting of heavy materials or
substantial exertion cannot be done from lad-
Scaffolds must be kept clear of ice, snow,
grease, mud, and such.
All scaffolds and walkways must beat least 18
Ladder jacks, lean-tos, and prop scaffolds are
Scaffolds must be placed on a firm, smooth
foundation and may not be placed on loose
bricks, blocks, or other unstable objects.
Nails must be driven full length; double-headed
nails are not allowed.
Planking must be lapped at least 12 inches.
The EM 385 and 29CFR1910.28 list the correct
dimensions and type of scaffold material.
A scaffold in excess of 6 feet in height (4 where
horizontal dimension is less than 45 inches)
requires standard railing on open sides and
SAFETY ITEMS REQUIRED ON THE
The following safety equipment is required on all
project sites. See the EM 385 for additional
Emergency Plans Each jobsite must have
posted the location of the nearest phone with
the telephone numbers and reporting
instructions for ambulance, hospital,
physician, police, and fire department
First-Aid/CPR Qualified Personnel If a
medical facility is not readily accessible (due
to time or distance), two crew members must
be first-aid and CPR qualified.
First-Aid Kits There must be one kit for
every 25 or less personnel, and it must be
checked weekly for consumed items.
Toilet Facilities If toilet facilities are not
readily available, portable facilities must be
Drinking Water Water must be provided
from an approved source. It must be labelled
for drinking only and not used for other
purposes. Common cups are not allowed.
Temporary Fencing If the jobsite is in an
area of active public use, temporoary fencing
Warning Signs Post red for immediate
hazards and yellow for potential hazards.
Eyewash Facility Where personnel are
exposed to or handling poisons, acids, caustics,
or toxic chemicals, eyewash facilities are
Fire Extinguishes There must be one
approved fire extinguisher for every 3,000
square feet (or major fraction thereof) of
building space with at least one per floor.
Material Safety Data Sheets This paper
work is required for any hazardous material on
Safety Manuals Both the EM 385 and
29CFR1926 are required to be kept on the
This section will assist the crew leader in
completing operational and administration steps when
the project comes to a close. This section also will
assist you with the preparations for your final