goggles. Even here, it is essential that you wear your
work clothes properly. Sparks are very likely to lodge in
rolled-up sleeves, pockets of clothing, or cuffs of trou-
sers or overalls. Sleeves should be rolled down and the
cuffs buttoned. The shirt collar, also, should be fully
buttoned. Trousers should not be cuffed on the outside,
and pockets not protected by button-down flaps should
be eliminated from the front of overalls and aprons. All
other clothing must be free of oil and grease. Wear high
top-safety shoes; low-cut shoes are a hazard because
sparks and molten metal could lodge in them, especially
when you are sitting down.
Medium- and heavy-gas welding, all-electric weld-
ing, and welding in the vertical or overhead welding
position require special flameproof clothing made of
leather or other suitable material. This clothing is de-
signed to protect you against radiated heat, splashes of
hot metal, or sparks. This clothing consists of aprons,
sleeves, combination sleeves and bib, jackets, and over-
alls. They afford a choice of protection depending upon
the specific nature of the particular welding or cutting
job. Sleeves provide satisfactory protection for welding
operations at floor or bench level.
The cape and sleeves are particularly suited for
overhead welding, because it protects the back of the
neck, top of the shoulders, and the upperpart of the back
and chest. Use of the bib, in combination with the cape
and sleeves, gives added protection to the chest and
abdomen. The jacket should be worn when there is a
need for complete all-around protection to the upperpart
of the body. This is especially true when several welders
are working in close proximity to one another. Aprons
and overalls provide protection to the legs and are suited
for welding operations on the floor. Figure 3-58 shows
some of the protective clothing available to welders.
To prevent head burns during overhead welding
operations, you should wear leather or flameproof caps
under the helmet. Earplugs also should be worn to keep
sparks or splatter from entering and burning the ears.
Where the welder is exposed to falling or sharp objects,
combination welding helmet/hard hats should be used.
For very heavy work, fire-resistant leggings or high
boots should be worn. Shoes or boots having exposed
nailheads or rivets should NOT be worn. Oilskins or
plastic clothing must NOT be worn in any welding
NOTE: If leather protective clothing is not avail-
able, then woolen clothing is preferable to cotton.
Woolen clothing is not as flammable as cotton and helps
protect the operator from the changes in temperature
caused by welding. Cotton clothing, if used, should be
chemically treated to reduce its flammability.