12. Eyewash stations are required on all jobsites.
An adequate number of fire extinguishers are
required to be on site. The number required is
determined by the types of extinguisher required to
extinguish the various types of materials, such as
paint, corrosives, and other flammables, on the jobsite.
Also, the size of the jobsite must be considered, and
there must be one extinguisher at each welding station.
Refer to the EM 385 for further guidance.
Material Safety Data Sheets are required to be
on site for all hazardous material. (MSDS will
be discussed in this chapter.)
All high work is serious business. Work above 5
feet in height must be particularly well planned
and personnel safety constantly enforced.
Accidents occur when high work becomes so
routine that safety measures become lax and
inspection of scaffolds is not performed. A healthy
respect for the hazards must be maintained.
References (1) and (3) contain detailed safety
information on scaffolds, and additional safety
guidance can be found in reference (2). Scaffold safety
is also discussed in chapter 6 of this manual. Some of
the more general precautions are the following:
Work above 5 feet must have scaffolding
People working above 12 feet and not on
scaffolding must have a safety belt and lifeline.
Ground personnel must be kept clear of high
Never use makeshift, expedient scaffolding.
Inspect scaffold members and equipment daily
before work is started. Keep all members in good
repair without delay.
Do not use scaffolds for storage space.
Use handlines for raising and lowering objects
Do not paint scaffolds since painting can conceal
Welding and Cutting
A significant part of construction and
maintenance/repair work is welding and cutting.
Safety was addressed in volume 1 of this manual and
is addressed here as a part of general on-site safety
concerns. Safety precautions required for this work are
extensive and specialized. The importance be shown
by the extent of guidance on welding safety provided
in references (1), (2), and (3). One point to bear in
mind is that welding safety must be concerned with
other personnel on the jobsite as well as the people
performing the work. A list of some of the more basic
precautions and procedures welders must be aware of
or adhere to should include the following:
Electric shock (when applicable).
Fire and explosion.
All welding equipment should be inspected
daily. Remove the defective items immediately
personnel protective equipment and clothing
must be considered an integral part of the work
and must be inspected and maintained
accordingly. No compromises in the protection
of welders is allowed.
Areas should be marked with Danger - Welding
and Eye Hazard Area signs.
Welders working above 5 feet must be protected
by railings or safety belts and lifelines.
When welding any enclosed space or pontoons,
ensure that a vent opening is provided and that
the space is free of flammable liquids and
Do not weld where flammable paint or coating
can cause a fire hazard.
After welding is completed, mark the area of hot
metal or provide some means of warning other
Figure 1-7 shows the Battalion Safety Control and
Reporting Organization. As a crew leader, you will
report to the safety supervisor, who directs the safety
program of a project. Duties of the safety supervisor