placed a minimum of 3 inches below the space provided for the revision block when the conventional horizontal title block is used. When the vertical title block is used, you can place the general notes on the right side of the drawing. General notes for architectural and structural drawings can include, when applicable, roof, floor, wind, seismic, and other loads, allowable soil pressure or pile-bearing capacity, and allowable unit stresses of all the construction materials used in the design. Notes for civil, mechanical, electrical, sanitary, plumbing, and similar drawings of a set can include, when applicable, references for vertical and horizontal control (including soundings) and basic specific design data.
General notes can also refer to all of the notes grouped according to materials of construction in a tabular form, called a SCHEDULE. Schedules for items, like doors, windows, rooms, and footings, are somewhat more detailed. Their formats will be presented later in this chapter.
Generally, working or project drawings can be divided into the following major categories: civil, architectural, structural, mechanical, electrical, and fire protection. In Seabee construction, however, the major categories most commonly used are as follows: CIVIL, ARCHITECTURAL, STRUCNTURAL, MECHANICAL, and ELECTRICAL sets of drawings.
Regardless of the category, working drawings serve the following functions:
They provide a basis for making material, labor, and equipment estimates before construction begins.
They give instructions for construction, showing the sizes and locations of the various parts.
They provide a means of coordination between the different ratings.
They complement the specifications; one source of information is incomplete without the others.
Civil working drawings encompass a variety of plans and information to include the following:
Site preparation and site development
Rigid and flexible pavements for roads and walkways
Environmental pollution control
Water supply units (that is, pumps and wells)
Depending on the size of the construction project, the number of sheets in a set of civil drawings can vary from a bare minimum to several sheets of related drawings. Generally, on an average-size project, the first sheet has a location map, soil boring log, legends, and it sometimes has site plans and small civil detail drawings. (Soil boring tests are conducted to determine the water table of the construction site and classify the existing soil.) Civil drawings are often identified with the designating letter C on their title blocks.
A SITE PLAN furnishes the essential data for laying out the proposed building lines. It is drawn from notes and sketches based upon a survey. It shows the contours, boundaries, roads, utilities, trees, structures, references, and other significant physical features on or near the construction site. The field crews (Equipment Operators) are able to estimate and prepare the site for conduction and to finish the site (including landscaping) upon completion of construction by showing both existing and finished contours. As an SW, you should be familiar with the methods and the symbols used on maps and topographic drawings.
Site plans are drawn to scale. In most instances, the engineer's scale is used, rather than the architect's scale. For buildings on small lots, the scales normally used are 1 inch = 10 feet.
The intent of this section is to acquaint you with the basic concepts and principles of project management and is NOT intended to be a reference but also to make you familiar with the contents of a project folder.
The project folder, or package, consists of nine individual project files. These files represent the project in paper format-a type of project history from start to finish.
File No. 1-General Information File
File No. 1 is the General Information File and contains the following information:
LEFT SIDE - The left side of the General Information File basically contains informationContinue Reading