Figure 4-22.A vertical barrel hitch.
parts of the overhand knot (fig. 4-22, view 2) and pull
them down over the sides of the barrel. Finally, pull
the line snug and make a bowline over the top of the
barrel (fig. 4-22, view 3).
SPLICING FIBER LINE
When it is necessary to join lengths of line, a
splice, rather than a knot, should be used. A properly
made short splice will retain up to 100 percent of the
strength of the line, while a knot will retain only 50
Splicing means the joining of two separate lines.
It also means the retracing of the unlaid strand of the
line back through its own strands in the standing part
of the line.
Four general types of splices in fiber line are
commonly used in rigging work. They are the eye
splice, short splice, long splice, and back splice. Once
you learn how to make one type, the others should not
The principal use of an EYE SPLICE is to make
an eye in the end of a line. The eye is useful in
fastening the line to a ring or hook. It can also be made
up with a thimble. A thimble is a grooved ring that
may be set in the eye of a line to prevent chafing. The
eye splice is estimated as being 90 percent as strong
as the line itself.
To make an eye splice, you UNLAY (untwist) the
strands in the end of your line about five turns, and
splice them into the standing part of the line by
TUCKING the unlaid strands from the end into the
standing part. An original round of tucks plus two
more complete rounds is enough for an ordinary eye
With large lines, you must whip the ends of your
strands before you start; otherwise, they will frazzle
out and cause you trouble. Large lines must also be
seized at the point where unlaying stops or you will
have trouble working them. With any lineup to about
2 inches (50 mm), you can open the strands in the
standing part with your fingers.
With larger lines, you use the fid. A fid is a tapered
and pointed tool made from maple, hickory, or other
Figure 4-23 shows you the knack of
working the fid in making an eye splice. Lay your line
out along the deck with the end to your right. Bend it
back until your eye is the size you want it, and shove
the fid through the standing part at the right spot to
raise the top strand. Shove the fid through the rope
AWAY from you with your right hand as you hold the
line with your left. Take the raised strand with your
Figure 4-23.Working the fid