In a dry pipe system, the pipes normally contain either air or nitrogen under pressure. Dry pipe systems are used in areas where the water in the pipes is subject to freezing.
A dry pipe valve acts as a control between the water supply and the air under pressure in the piping network. The dry pipe valve must be in a heated enclosure because pressurized water is at the underside of the valve. A small amount of water, called priming water, is also inside the dry pipe valve itself to ensure a tight seal of the clapper and to keep the rubber gaskets pliable. The valve is usually made so that a moderate air pressure holds back a much greater water pressure. There are several types of dry pipe valves.
Figure 8-1. - Alarm check valve.Continue Reading