Figure 11-24. - Five-step clearance control.
Although electric motor drive is available for compressors of almost any capacity, certain types of machines are best driven by an induction motor; others may be driven by a synchronous motor. Generally, cost will rule out synchronous motors except in unusual cases. Direct current motors are seldom used.
Motor-driven compressors may be further identified by the type of connection that is used between the motor and compressor. Any one of the following types of drives may be used: belt, direct-connected, or speed reduction gears.
Induction motors can be used to power single- acting reciprocating compressors ranging from fractional horsepower up to approximately 300 horsepower at a speed of 1,800 rpm. Speeds of 1,200 and 900 rpm and lower are sometimes used in higher horsepower applications. When sizing a motor, you must allow for belt or drive losses of power.
Caution must be exercised when large belted motors are used; manufacturer's recommendations should be applied. Most motors that are belted to compressors are rated as normal starting torque, low-starting current motors. Belt selection should be based on a continuous operation rating of at least 125 percent of motor size with 150 percent preferred. Other compressors that start under load may require motors rated as high-start torque, low-starting current. Consideration should be given to compressor inertia and load to avoid lengthy acceleration time. Whenever possible, it is bestContinue Reading