up and down to provide alternate compression and
suction. Take care not to raise the cup off of the drain
opening. The downward pressure or upward suction
often clears the stoppage.
Another type of force cup, shaped to fit the
opening of a water closet drain, works more efficiently
than the round type in clearing stoppages in water
The CLOSET AUGER and PLUMBERS SNAKE
are used for opening clogged water closet traps, drains,
and long sections of waste lines (views B, and C, fig.
5-54). The closet auger is a cane-shaped tube with a
coiled spring or snake inside and has a handle for
rotating the coiled hook on the end of the snake. To
insert the closet auger into the trap of the water closet,
retract the coiled spring all the way up into the cane
line curve of the closet auger. Hook the cane end, with
its projecting hook, into the trap. Then start turning the
handle to rotate the coiled spring as it is pushed down
into the trap of the water closet. Rotate the handle
continuously until the snake reaches the obstruction in
the drain. Turn the handle slowly until the obstruction
is caught on the coiled hook of the closet auger.
Continue rotating the handle and pull back at the same
time to bring the obstruction up into the water closet
where you can remove it.
NEVER assume that the water closet is clear after
one object is brought up and removed. Insert the snake
of the closet auger again and repeat the procedure until
the closet auger passes down into the closet bend and
branch. Withdraw the closet auger. Put four or five
pieces of toilet paper in the water closet and flush them
through the fixture to make sure that it is completely
TRAP AND DRAIN AUGERS, such as the one
shown in view D of figure 5-54, are used in clearing
obstructions in traps and waste pipes. Trap and drain
augers, also known as SINK SNAKES, are made of
coiled, tempered wire in various lengths and
diameters. They are very flexible and easily follow
bends in traps and waste lines when pushed into them.
In clearing stoppages from lavatories, service sinks,
and bathtubs, first use a plumbers force cup. If the
obstruction is in the trap and is not cleared by the action
of the plunger, clear the trap by inserting a wire or
snake through the cleanout plug at the bottom of the
trap. If the trap is not fitted with such a plug, remove
the trap. Protect the finish of the packing nut with
Figure 5-54.Tools for clearing stoppages in plumbing fixtures.