Figure 5-7. - Water closet (tank type).
pressure, passing through this orifice into the upper chamber, creates the pressure required to force the diaphragm down and shuts off the flushing water. By moving the flushing handle, the relief valve tilts open. Then pressure decreases in the upper chamber to less than that of the incoming and flushing water. The action allows the flushing water pressure to raise the diaphragm off the flushing seat and recycle.
Figure 5-14 shows a piston type of valve. With this type of flush valve, the piston is drawn up when the flushing begins, then to its closed position by the filling of the upper chamber through the expeller orifice tube.
Flush valve assemblies on urinals and water closets may be protected from unnecessary damage and wear by installing a grip handle or guard firmly over the handle housing. This grip handle increases the operating life of flush valves and thereby reduces service calls on the repair of flush valve assemblies and plumbing fixtures.
Two major types of urinals in use are the floor- mounted and wall-mounted urinals. With spacing being limited, we will only consider some of the main items relating to installation of the wall-hung urinalContinue Reading