BATTERY ACTIVATIONFilling and charging a
dry-charged battery before installation.
BATTERY CABLESThe heavy wires connecting
the battery to the electrical system of the vehicle.
BATTERY CAPACITYThe rating of the current
output of a battery.
BATTERY CHARGE CONDITIONThe state of
the battery plates and electrolyte.
BATTERY CHARGERA device for restoring a
battery to a proper electrical charge.
BATTERY DRAIN TESTA method of checking
for unusual current draw with the ignition key off.
BATTERY LEAKAGE TESTA
determine if current is discharging across the top
of the battery case.
BATTERY LOAD TESTA test for battery
capacity, made under full electrical load.
BATTERY TERMINAL TESTA test for good
contact between the cables and terminals.
BATTERY VOLTAGEFor batteries used in
modern vehicles, 12.3 volts.
BATTERY VOLTAGE TESTA check of the
battery charge with a voltmeter.
BEARING NOISEA constant whir or humming
sound due to damage or wear of bearings in the
carrier or axle assemblies.
BELTED BIAS TIREA bias-belted tire with extra
belts added beneath the tread area.
BELTSFabric made of steel or other material that is
placed between body plies and tread.
BENCH BLEEDMethod of filling and hand
pumping a master cylinder before installation to
remove trapped air.
BIAS PLY TIREOne with plies running at an angle
from bead to bead.
BLEEDER SCREWFitting on the top of the brake
caliper that allows air to be bled from the system.
BLEEDINGProcess of removing any trapped air
from a hydraulic system.
vacuum or power steering system to decrease
braking effort needed.
BRAKE LINESMetal tubing and rubber hoses
connecting the master cylinder to the wheel brake
mounted on the caliper of a disc brake system.
BRAKE PEDAL ASSEMBLYFoot
operating the brake system.
BRAKE PEDAL VIBRATIONPulsing movement
of the brake pedal, usually caused by out-of-round
brake drum or warped rotor.
surfaces used with drum-type brakes.
BRAKE SYSTEMComponents that are used to
stop a vehicle.
BRAKE SYSTEM FLUSHINGRemoval of all old
fluid by pressure bleeding, then replacing it with
BRAKE WARNING LIGHTDashboard indicator
that warns of low brake system hydraulic pressure.
BRAKING RATIOComparison of front wheel to
rear wheel braking effort.
BRAKE-AWAY TORQUEThe amount of torque
required to make one axle rotate the clutches in a
BRUSHESSliding electrical contacts that ride on
the slip rings of a generator.
overheating due to slippage of the transmission
CALIPERA disc brake assembly that holds the
brake pads and the wheel cylinder.
CAMBERThe inward or outward tilt of a wheel
CASE BEARING PRELOADThe amount of force
pushing the differential bearing together.
CASTERThe forward or backward tilt of the
CASTER-CAMBER GAUGEAn instrument with
bubbles that indicate the degree of tilt.
CELLElectrical energy storage device, consisting
of negative and positive plates immersed in a
conductive fluid (electrolyte).
CELL VOLTAGE TESTA check of individual
battery cells for correct charge.