of this basic design, some of which provide the rotor with blades to trap and compress the vapor.
Centrifugal compressors are used in large refrigeration and air-conditioning systems, handling large volumes of refrigerants at low-pressure differentials. Their operating principles are based on the use of centrifugal force as a means of compressing and discharging the vaporized refrigerant. Figure 7-28 is a cutaway view of one type of centrifugal compressor. In this application, one or two compression stages are used, and the condenser and evaporator are integral parts of the unit. The heart of this type of compressor is the impeller wheel.
A scroll compressor has two different offset spiral disks to compress the refrigerant vapor. The upper scroll is stationary, while the lower scroll is the driven scroll. Intake of refrigerant is at the outer edge of the driven scroll, and the discharge of the refrigerant is at the center of the stationary scroll. The driven scroll is rotated around the stationary or "fixed" scroll in an orbiting motion. During this movement, the refrigerant vapor is trapped between the two scrolls. As the driven scroll rotates, it compresses the refrigerant vapor through the discharge port. Scroll compressors have few moving parts and have a very smooth and quiet operation.
The thermostat is an adjustable temperature- sensitive device, which through the opening and closing of its contacts controls the operation of the
Figure 7-28. - Cutaway view of one type of centrifugal compressor.Continue Reading