The fuel level control valve is the only safety device on the oil-fired space heater.
When several space heaters are installed in a building, an oil supply from an OUTSIDE TANK to all of the heaters is often desirable. This eliminates frequent filling of individual tanks and reduces waste from spilling. Figure 4-12 shows the principal elements of such a system and important points to consider during installation.
Be sure that the space heater is placed a safe distance from the wall. You also need a metal pan for it to sit in. This pan catches the oil if a leak occurs. Do not use a sandbox or cement as both absorb oil and create a fire hazard. In case of wood floors, place a piece of fire-retardant material, such as Gypsum board (Sheetrock) on the floor underneath the metal pan. It may also be needed on the wall behind the heater if the wall is made of wood.
Since the flow of air to a vaporizing type of burner is induced by a chimney DRAFT, pay careful attention to this feature. The draft produced by any chimney depends upon the height of the chimney and the difference in temperature between the flue gas and outside air. The cross-sectional area required depends upon the volume of flue gas to be carried. Since outside air temperature varies during the heating season, arrange the chimney or flue to produce the necessary draft under the most unfavorable conditions likely to be encountered, usually an outside temperature of 60F. Above this temperature, heat is not usually required, and below this temperature, draft would be increased.
Install the draft REGULATOR to maintain a constant draft adjustment for the rate at which the heaters are fired. The regulator is a swinging damper or gate with provision for adjustment. Since balance and free action are the fundamentals on which its operation depends, be sure the installation provides for these features. Install the damper section with the word top at the true top position. Make sure the face is plumb. When the damper regulator is installed in a horizontal run of pipe, do not use a counterweight on the damper.
A DOWNDRAFT may seriously interfere with proper functioning of these burners. Downdraft may result when the chimney is not high enough above the roof line or is too close to other high buildings, trees, or terrain features. The chimney top must be at least 3 feet above the highest point of the building roof. If the difficulty is caused by other factors, a downdraft hood may prove effective. There are several successful designs; a simple constructed type is shown in figure 4-13.
Copper tubing is often used in an oil supply system to burners because of its high resistance to corrosion and ease of installation. The use of compression fittings or flair fittings is best for fuel supply applications. A major advantage in using copper tubing is that it can be bent easily without collapsing the tube, especially if a tubing bender is used; this cuts down on the number of fittings required for installation.
Figure 4-12. - Space heaters installed in series.Continue Reading