Figure 4-25. - Typical Bunsen burners.
Figure 4-26. - Bunsen type of burner.
pressure is above the desired pressure. When the gas pressure to the burner is low, the pressure-regulating spring pushes the diaphragm down, in turn, pushing the pilot valve down. When the pilot valve opens, supply pressure is applied to the top of the operating piston. As the operating piston moves down, the main valve opens, admitting supply pressure to the burner. As burner pressure rises, the diaphragm is pushed up against the pressure-regulating spring, closing the pilot valve. This removes the supply pressure from the top of the operating piston and the piston return spring pushes the piston up, closing the main valve. The regulator is thus closed every time the burner pressure gets above the desired amount. Turning the adjusting screw at the top can vary the setting of the regulator.
SOLENOID GAS VALVE. - The basic principles of construction and operation applied in all solenoid gas valves are similar. However, the design of each individual unit differs somewhat from the others. The two most common types of solenoid gas valves are the standard solenoid valve and the recycling solenoid valve discussed in the following paragraphs.
The standard solenoid gas valve shown in figure 4-29 is of the electric type. It is suitable for use with gas furnaces, steam and hot-water boilers, conversion burners, and industrial furnaces. This valve operates when a thermostat, limit control, or other device closes a circuit to energize the coil. The energized coil operates a plunger, causing the valve to open. When there is a current failure, the valve automatically closes because of the force of gravity on the plunger and valve stem. The gas pressure in the line holds the valve disk upon its seat. To open this valve during current failure, use the manual-opening device at the bottom of the valve. When the electric power is resumed, you should place the manual-opening device in its former position. 4-19Continue Reading