An external stationary bellows crankshaft seal is shown in figure 6-16. This seal is the same as the internal seal, except it is positioned on the outside of the crankcase.
An external rotating bellows crankcase seal is shown in figure 6-17. This seal turns with the crankshaft. This seal also consists of a corrugated thin brass tube (seal bellows) with a seal ring fastened to one end and a seal flange fastened to the other. A seal spring is enclosed within the bellows. The complete bellows assembly slips on the end of the crankshaft and is held in place by a nut. The seal ring that is the inner portion of the bellows is positioned against a nonrotating seal fastened directly to the crankcase. During operation, the complete bellows assembly rotates with the shaft, causing the seal ring to rotate against the stationary seal. The pressure of the seal spring holds the seal ring against the seal. The expansion of the bellows caused by the pressure from the crankcase also exerts pressure on the seal ring. Because of this design, double pressure is exerted against the seal ring to provide a gastight seal.
HERMETIC COMPRESSOR. - In the hermetically sealed compressor, the electric motor and compressor are both in the same airtight (hermetic) housing and share the same shaft. Figure 6-18 shows a hermetically sealed unit. Note that after assembly, the two halves of the case are welded together to form an airtight cover. Figure 6-19 shows an accessible type of hermetically sealed unit. The compressor, in this case, is a double-piston reciprocating type. Other compressors may be of the centrifugal or rotary types.
Figure 6-16. - An external stationary bellows crankshaft seal.
Figure 6-17. - An external rotating bellows crankcase seal.
Cooling and lubrication are provided by the circulating oil and the movement of the refrigerant vapor throughout the case.
The advantages of the hermetically sealed unit (elimination of pulleys, belts and other coupling methods, elimination of a source of refrigerant leaks) are offset somewhat by the inaccessibility for repair and generally lower capacity.
The condenser removes and dissipates heat from the compressed vapor to the surrounding air or water to
Figure 6-18. - Hermetic compressor.Continue Reading