1. Centrifugal compressor with 5-inch impeller.
2. Refrigerant colled motor.
3. Control center.
4. Chiller section.
5. Condenser section.
Figure 7-22. - High-speed (36,000 rpm) single-stage centrifugal chiller.
Figure 7-23 shows a cross section of a typical open type of eccentric shaft compressor with suction valves in the valve plate of the head. Most belt-driven open type of compressors under 3 horsepower use a splash feed lubrication, but in larger size compressors, forced feed systems having positive displacement oil pumps are more common. The oil pump is usually driven from the rear end of the main shaft. Oil from the crankcase is forced under pressure through a hole in the main shaft to the seal, main bearing, and rod bearing, and through a hole in the rod up to the piston pins. Hermetically sealed compressor units used in window air conditioners are quite common in commercial sizes (under 5 horsepower) and are even made by some manufacturers in large tonnage sizes.
SEMISEALED. - Semisealed compressors are sometimes made in small sizes, but large tonnage units are always of the semisealed type. The primary difference between a fully sealed and a semisealed motor compressor is that in semisealed types the valve plates, and in some units the oil pump, can be removed for repair or replacement. This type of construction is helpful in larger sizes that are so bulky they would cause considerable trouble and expense in shipping, removing, and replacing the unit as a whole. Figure 7-24 shows a small semisealed compressor.
Sealed or semisealed units eliminate the belt drive and crankshaft seal, both of which are among the chief causes of service calls. Sealed and semisealed compressors are made either vertical or horizontal. The vertical type (fig. 7-25) usually has a positive displacement oil pump that forces oil under pressure of 10 to 30 psi to the main bearings, rod, or eccentric and pins, although they are sometimes splash oiled.Continue Reading