are usually of larger tonnage than those used for refrigerators.
Motor Overload Protectors
When the compressor is powered by an electric motor, either belt driven or as an integral part of the compressor assembly, the motor is usually protected by a heat-actuated overload device. This is in addition to the line power fuses. The heat to actuate the overload device is supplied by the electrical energy to the motor, as well as the heat generated by the motor
Figure 7-31. - Thermal overload relay.
itself. Either source of heat or a combination of the two, if too much, causes the overload device to open and remove the motor from the line.
Figure 7-31 shows a thermal-element type of overload cutout relay. It is housed in the magnetic starter box. On current overload, the relay contacts open, allowing the holding coil to release the starting mechanism, thereby stopping the motor.
An oil failure cutout switch is provided on many systems to protect the compressor against oil failure. The switch is connected to register pressure differential between the oil pump and the suction line. Figure 7-32 shows a typical oil failure cutout switch. The switch contains two bellows, which work against each other, and springs for adjusting. Tubing from the oil pump is connected to the bottom bellows of the switch. Tubing from the suction line is connected to the upper bellows. When a predetermined pressure differential is not maintained, a pair of contacts in the switch is opened and breaks the circuit to the compressor motor. A heating element with a built-in delay is in the switch to provide for starting the compressor when oil pressure is low.
The water-regulating valve used with a water- cooled condenser responds to a predetermined condensing pressure. A connection from the discharge side of the compressor to the valve transmits condensing pressure directly to a bellows inside the
Figure 7-32. - Oil failure cutout switch.Continue Reading