Figure 6-46. - A twelve-cylinder semihermetic reciprocating direct drive compressor. (1) Compressor; (2) control Panel; (3) Oil Return from Reservoir; (4) Suction Line; (5) Hot Gas Discharge Line.
a thick paste made of fresh lethargy and glycerin makes a satisfactory joint compound; however, the joint should be thoroughly cleaned with a solvent to eliminate oil or grease. Thread compounds should be applied to the male part of the thread after it has entered the female coupling one and one-half to two threads to prevent any excess compound from entering the system.
When securing, anchoring, or hanging the suction and liquid lines, be sure and allow enough flexibility between the compressor and the first set of hangers or points where the lines are secured to permit some degree of freedom. This flexibility relieves strain in the joints of these lines at the compressor due to compressor vibration.
Parallel operation of two or more reciprocating compressors should be avoided unless there are strong and valid reasons for not using a single compressor. In a situation where two compressors must be used, extreme care in sizing and arranging the piping system is essential.
An acceptable arrangement of two compressors and two condensers is shown in figure 6-47. An equalizer line connects the crankcase at the oil level of each machine. Therefore, the oil in both machines will be at a common level. If machines of different sizes are used, the height of the bases beneath the machines must be adjusted so the normal oil level of both machines is at the same elevation; otherwise, the oil accumulates in the lower machine.
This arrangement is called a single-pipe crankcase equalizer. It can be used only on those machines with a single equalizer tapping entering the crankcase in such a position that the bottom of the tapping just touches the normal oil level.
Another method of piping to maintain proper oil level in two or more compressors uses two equalizer lines between the crankcase - one above the normal oilContinue Reading