Figure 4-60. - Typical hot-water boiler-light oil or gas fired.
proper alignment of the boiler sections, and thus eliminate strain on the boiler castings. The furnace foundation should be poured separately from the finished floor. It should be of sufficient width and depth to support the boiler without any settling, and it should extend 2 inches above the finished floor. Assembly procedures vary in detail for various boilers. However, manufacturers furnish detailed procedures for the assembly of their boilers. Usually, the plans for the foundations can be procured from them.
Hot-water boilers, regardless of their design and type, operate on the same basic principle. The fuel burns in the combustion chamber and produces heat. The resultant heat is radiated and conducted to the water in the water jackets surrounding the combustion chambers and passes through the boiler tubes; heat is liberated by the flue gases and absorbed by the water surrounding the tubes. The amount of heat transferred into the water depends on the rate of heat conduction through the metal in the boiler tubes and the rate of water circulation in the boiler. For this reason, boilers are designed with baffles to hold the hot gases as long as possible. They give up maximum heat before passing into the chimney.
All boilers have certain accessories for safety and ease of operation. These accessories are pressure-relief valves, pressure gauges, water-level control valves, and automatic controls.
In a closed hot-water heating system, there is always the possibility of building up a dangerous pressure. Consequently, a pressure-relief valve is installed to allow this pressure to escape. A typicalContinue Reading