13. Replace worn or frayed fan belts.
14. Clean all water strainers.
15. Check the condition of the ductwork.
16. Check the condition of the electrical contacts of all contactors, starters, and controls. Remove the condensing unit control box cover and inspect the panel wiring. All electrical connections should be secure. Inspect the compressor and condenser fan motor contactors. If the contacts appear severely burned or pitted, replace the contactor. Do not clean the contacts. Inspect the condenser fan capacitors for visible damage.
In preparation for seasonal shutdown, it is advisable to pump down the system and valve off the bulk of the refrigerant charge in the condenser. This action minimizes the quantity of refrigerant that might be lost due to any minor leak on the low-pressure side of the system, and, in the case of the open compressor, refrigerant that might leak through the shaft seal.
The following steps should be followed for the hermetic compressor pump down.
1. Close the liquid line shutoff valve at the condenser and start the system. When the suction pressure drops to the cutout setting of the low-pressure control, the compressor stops.
2. Open the compressor electrical disconnect switch to prevent the compressor from restarting, and then front-seat the compressor discharge and suction valves.
The following steps should be followed for the open compressor pump down.
1. If the system is not equipped with gauges, install a pressure gauge in the back-seat port of the compressor suction valve. Crack the valve off the backseat.
2. Close the liquid line shutoff valve at the condenser.
3. Manually open the liquid line solenoid valve(s). If the valves do not have manual opening devices, lower the setting of the system temperature controller so the valves are held open during the pump down.
4. Install a jumper wire across the terminals of the low-pressure switch. Since the system suction pressure is to be pumped down below the cutout setting of the low-pressure switch, the jumper is necessary to keep the compressor running.
6. Front-seat the compressor discharge valve.
Do not allow the compressor to pump the suction pressure into a vacuum. A slight positive pressure is necessary to prevent air and moisture from being drawn into the system through minor leaks and through the now unmoving shaft seal.
7. Remove the jumper wire from the low-pressure control.
8. Remove the gauge from the port of the suction valve; replace the port plug and front-seat the valve.
The following steps are required for all systems:
1. Using a refrigerant leak detector, check the condenser and liquid receiver, if used, for refrigerant leaks.
2. Valve off the supply and return water connections of the water-cooled condenser. Allow the condenser to remain full of water during the off season. A drained condenser shell is more likely to rust and corrode than one full of water. If the condenser will be subjected to freezing temperatures, drain the water and refill it with an antifreeze solution.
3. Drain the cooling tower or evaporative condenser, if used; flush the sump and paint any rusted or corroded areas.
4. Open the system master disconnect switch and padlock it in the OPEN position.
The steps to follow for the seasonal start-up are as follows:
1 Perform all annual maintenance on the air-handling system and other related equipment.
2 Fill the water sump of the cooling tower or evaporative condenser, if used.Continue Reading