(fig. 6-50). The pump is used to reduce the pressure in a refrigeration system to below atmospheric pressure.
Various manufacturers manufacture hermetic refrigeration systems used by the Navy; therefore, the connectors and size of tubing vary. The Table of Allowance provides for a refrigeration service kit that contains several adapters, wrenches, and other materials to help connect different makes of systems to the refrigerant manifold gauge set and the vacuum pump lines. A table affixed to the lid of the storage container identifies the adapter you should use for a particular refrigeration unit.
Figure 6-50. - Portable vacuum pump.
Refrigerants are shipped in compressed gas cylinders as a liquid under pressure. Liquids are usually removed from the shipping containers and transferred to a service cylinder (fig. 6-51).
Before attempting transfer of refrigerants from a container to a cylinder, precool the receiving cylinder until its pressure is lower than that of the storage container or cylinder. Precool by placing the cylinder in ice water or a refrigerated tank. You must also weigh the service cylinder, including cap, and compare it with the tare weight stamped or tagged on the cylinder. The amount of refrigerant that may be placed in a cylinder is 85 percent of the tare weight (the weight of a full cylinder and its cap minus the weight of the empty cylinder and its cap).
To transfer refrigerants, connect a flexible charging line on a 1/4-inch copper tube several feet long with a circular loop about 8 to 10 inches in diameter. Be sure to install a 1/4-inch refrigerant shutoff valve (fig. 6-51) in the charging line to the service cylinder. This valve should be inserted so no more than 3 inches of tubing is between the last fitting and the valve itself. This arrangement prevents the loss of refrigerant when the service drum is finally disconnected. The entire line must be cleared of air by leaving the flare nut on the service cylinder loose and cracking the storage cylinder valve. This arrangement allows refrigerant to flow through the tubing, clearing it. After clearing, tighten the flare nut and then open the valve on the service cylinder, the valve on the
Figure 6-51. - Method of transferring refrigerants to service cylinders.Continue Reading