g. Stand the flushing cylinder upright and flush the compressor discharge hose. Secure it so the flushing refrigerant goes into the waste container.
h. Close the dispensing valve of the R-12 or R-134a can (fully clockwise). If there is any flushing refrigerant in the cylinder, it may be left there until the next flushing job. Put the flushing kit and R-12 or R-134a can in a suitable storage location.
i. Install the new lubricated O rings on the spring lock coupling male fittings on both the condenser inlet and the liquid lines. Assemble the couplings.
9. Connect all refrigerant lines. All connections should be cleaned and new O rings should be used. Lubricate new O rings with clean refrigerant oil.
10. Connect a charging station or manifold gauge set and charge the system with 1 pound of R-12 or R-134a. (Do not evacuate the system until after it has been leak tested.)
11. Leak test all connections and components with a flame type of leak detector or an electronic leak detector. If no leaks are found, go to Step
12. If leaks are found, service as necessary; check the system and then go to Step 12. 12. Evacuate and charge the system with a specified amount of R-12 or R-134a. Operate the system to ensure it is cooling properly.
The use of safety when handling or using refrigerants can never be stressed enough. As discussed in chapter 6 of this TRAMAN, routinely think of safety for yourself and coworkers.
Extreme care must be taken to prevent any liquid refrigerant from coming in contact with the skin and especially the eyes. A bottle of sterile mineral oil and a quantity of weak boric acid solution must always be kept nearby when servicing the air-conditioning system. Should any liquid refrigerant get into your eyes, immediately use a few drops of mineral oil to wash them out; then wash the eyes clean with the weak boric acid solution. Seek a doctor's aid immediately even though irritation may have ceased.
Always wear safety goggles when servicing any part of the refrigerant system.
To avoid a dangerous explosion, never weld, solder, steam clean, bake body finishes, or use any excessive amount of heat on or in the immediate area of any part of the refrigerant system or refrigerant supply tank, while they are closed to the atmosphere whether filled with refrigerant or not.
The liquid refrigerant evaporates so rapidly that the resulting refrigerant gas displaces the air surrounding the area where the refrigerant is released. To prevent possible suffocation in enclosed areas, always discharge the refrigerant into recycling/ reclaiming equipment. Always maintain good ventilation surrounding the work area.
Although R-12 gas, under normal conditions, is nonpoisonous, the discharge of refrigerant gas near an open flame can produce a very poisonous gas. This gas also attacks all bright metal surfaces. This poisonous gas is generated when the flame type of leak detector is used. Avoid inhaling the fumes from the leak detector. Ensure that R-12 is both stored and installed according to all federal, state and local ordinances.
When admitting R-12 or R-134a gas into the cooling unit, always keep the tank in an upright position. lf the tank is on its side or upside down, liquid R-12 or R-134 enters the system and may damage the compressor.
The cabs of many truck-tractors and long distance hauling trucks and earth mover cabs are air-conditioned. Most of this equipment is of the "hang on" type and is installed after the cab has been made.
Some truck air-conditioning units have two evaporators - one for the cab and one for the relief driver's quarters in back of the driver. Some systems use a remote condenser, mounted on the roof of the cab. This type of installation removes the condenser from in front of the radiator, so the radiator can operate at full efficiency. This is especially important during long pulls in low gear.
The system is similar to the automobile air conditioner and is installed and serviced in the same general way.
The air conditioning of buses has progressed rapidly. Because of the large size of the unit, most bus air-conditioning systems use a separate gasoline engine with an automatic starting device to drive the compressor. The system is standard in construction except for the condensing unit. It is made as compact as possible and generally is installed in the bus, so it can be easily reached for servicing.Continue Reading