Figure 5-14.Types of drawer guides (view A) and faces (view B).
Usually drawer fronts are made of 3/4-inch
plywood or solid wood. The design must be in keeping
with the cabinet. Sides and backs are generally
l/2-inch-thick solid wood. Sides are made thicker if
they are to be grooved for certain types of drawer guides.
The drawer bottom is usually make of l/4-inch plywood
or hardboard. Smaller drawers may have 1/8-inch
The four types of doors commonly used on cabinets
are the flush (inset), lipped, overlay, and sliding doors.
A flush door, like the flush drawer, is the most
difficult to construct. For a finished look, each type of
door must be fitted in the cabinet opening within
1/16-inch clearance around all four edges. A lipped
door is simpler to install than a flush door since the lip,
or overlap, feature allows you a certain amount of
adjustment and greater tolerances. The lip is formed by
cutting a rabbet along the edge. Overlay doors are
designed to cover the edges of the face frame. Several
types of sliding doors are used on cabinets. One type
of sliding door is rabbeted to fit into grooves at the top
and bottom of the cabinet. The top groove is always
made to allow the door to be removed by lifting it up
and pulling the bottom out.
Doors are constructed as solid, flexible, folding, or
Solid doors are made of plywood, hardboard,
particle board, or glued-up solid lumber. Designs are
often grooved into the door with a router, or molding
may be applied to give the door a more attractive
Flexible doors are made of thin strips glued together
on a canvas back or held together with special edge
joints. They are used on roll-top desks and other
cabinets when the door must slide around a comer.
Paneled doors have an exterior framework of solid
wood and a center containing one or more panels. The
panels may be solid wood, plywood, hardboard, metal,
plastic, glass, or some other material and come in many
The exterior framework can be
shaped in a number of ways also.
Cabinet doors can be installed as overlay, lipped,
flush, and sliding. Overlay doors cover the opening,
usually by 3/8 inch on all sides, and swing on overlay
hinges. Lipped doors are rabbeted over the opening and
swing on offset hinges. Flush doors fit inside the