dominant in that shop. The layout in figure 5-1 maybe
used as a guide in laying out a carpentry shop.
In planning the arrangement of equipment, consider
such factors as sequence of operations, working space,
clear shop entrance and exit, adequate workbenches,
and safety. The positioning of equipment, layout tables,
and so on, do NOT have to be the same in one shop as
Try to place stationary machines so that the work
will flow in an orderly and logical sequence. It is
probably easier to do this in a specialized shop than it is
in a general-purpose shop where the work differs
considerably from one day to another.
In shops where there is a series of operations to be
performed, the relative position of the various pieces of
equipment has an important bearing on efficient
operations. Not only should the equipment be
accessible, but it should also be arranged to save wasted
motion and to reduce walking distance.
This will enable your personnel to turn out more
work when their equipment is close at hand. Clearance
between adjacent machines should be such that the
operators will NOT get in the way of one another.
Electrical outlets should be readily available to the
workbenches. Needless delays are caused by having to
rig extension cords from poorly located outlets.
Your plans should include adequate means for
storing tools and materials. When considerable
amounts of materials must be kept on hand and space
permits, a special storeroom maybe used for storage of
materials. Where desirable, a portion of this storeroom
may also be used for storage of tools and equipment.
When a storeroom is available, however, it may still be
advantageous to store certain material in the shop near
the machines or equipment on which it is used. Refer
to the Occupational Safety and Health Standards for the
Construction Industry, Code of Federal Regulations (29
CFR PART 1910) for more information on storage of
tools, material, and equipment.
The amounts and types of materials stored in your
shop will depend largely upon the space available and
the intended purpose of your shop. In most shops, you
will probably need facilities for storing such items as
bolts, nuts, nails, screws, and paint. Whatever the type
of shop, you should make an effort to see that your
storage facilities are arranged to give the greatest
possible amount of free working space.
In todays industry, concrete is the most widely
used flooring material and possibly the most
unsatisfactory flooring material for shops. Even when
painted or sealed to eliminate dust, the concrete floor is
Figure 5-1.Typical layout of a carpentry shop.