your units mission, you must have trained personnel
to carry it out. All petty officers in the Navy are
responsible for training the personnel under their
immediate supervision. Do NOT take this
Effective training requires a great deal of planning
and directed effort. To prevent a haphazard approach
to the job of training, you must organize materials into
logical sequence and have an accurate method for
measuring the results. If any learning takes place,
there must be some results. If you push as hard as you
can on an object and there is no resultif you fail to
move itno work has been done regardless of the
energy you expended. If no learning takes place, you
have not trained. Three steps that may help you in
planning and carrying out your training programs are
Encourage learning by using the comet training
Measure achievement at regular intervals to
assure that learning is taking place.
Record results to document progress and to
improve your training system.
Evaluations are worthwhile tools. Both you and
the trainee will want an evaluation of the work
accomplished. Generally, the most valid trainer
evaluations are obtained by testing the trainees. If they
have learned to perform in a highly satisfactory
manner, this is an indication that training has occurred.
Personnel must be trained correctly. Improper
training, in many cases, is worse than no training at
Performance testing can help you do a better job
of conducting an OJT program. You can use
performance tests to find how well your trainees are
doing their jobs. However, it is difficult to find a test
that truly assists you in evaluating performance.
Performance tests should enable you to rate the
work of subordinates accurately enough to carry out
the following objectives:
To help you determine the qualifications of
personnel entering OJT programs.
To aid you in rating the improvement of persons
To help determine whether trainees can actually
perform the tasks they are being trained to do.
To assist you in assigning new people to
To help you locate the strengths and weak-
nesses in OJT programs.
Since it is a practical check on a work project, a
performance test must be a sample work situation in
which the trainee performs some active piece of work
that can be examined. The test is not designed to
measure what a person knows about the job (a written
or oral test may fill that need for you). Instead, it is
intended to help you rate that persons ability to
actually do the job. Do the best you can in organizing
and administering the performance test. There will
always be room for improvement in most of the testing
that you do.
Being the supervisor of a crew or shop is an
important responsibility. You have personnel
assigned to you whom you must employ effectively
and safely. Your supervisor expects you not only to
meet production, but also to conduct training. The
following section contains information that will assist
you in the daily planning, organizing, and
coordinating of work assignments and shop schedules.
You must master these skills to meet the production
In planning, you determine requirements and
devise or develop methods and schemes of action for
constructing a project. In addition to day-to-day
planning, consider the following primary matters in
construction: work element estimates, material
estimates, equipment estimates, manpower estimates,
job or job site layout, material delivery and storage.
These matters depend upon each other and all are part
of any well-planned project. The success of any
project depends to a great extent upon the attention to
detail and the care taken in planning.