Knots, bends, and hitches are made from three
fundamental elements: a bight, a loop, and a round
turn. Observe figure 4-8 closely and you should
experience no difficulty in making these three
elements. Note that the free or working end of a line
is known as the RUNNING END. The remainder of
the line is called the STANDING PART.
NOTE: A good knot is one that is tied rapidly,
holds fast when pulled tight, and is untied easily. In
addition to the knots, bends, and hitches described in
the following paragraphs, you may have need of others
in steelworking. When you understand how to make
those covered in this chapter, you should find it fairly
easy to learn the procedure for other types.
The OVERHAND KNOT is considered the
simplest of all knots to make. To tie this knot, pass the
hose end of a line over the standing part and through
the loop that has been formed. Figure 4-9 shows you
what it looks like. The overhand knot is often used as
a part of another knot. At times, it may also be used
to keep the end of a line from untwisting or to form a
knob at the end of a line.
Figure 4-8.Elements of knots, bends, and hitches