Figure 4-9.Overhand knot.
The FIGURE-EIGHT KNOT is used to form a
larger knot than would be formed by an overhand knot
in the end of a line (fig. 4-10). A figure-eight knot is
used in the end of a line to prevent the end from
slipping through a fastening or loop in another line.
To make the figure-eight knot, make a loop in the
standing part, pass the running end around the
standing part, back over one side of the loop and down
through the loop, and pull tight.
The SQUARE KNOT, also called the REEF
KNOT, is an ideal selection for tying two lines of the
same size together so they will not slip. To tie a square
knot, first bring the two ends of the line together and
make an overhand knot. Then form another
overhand knot in the opposite direction, as shown in
NOTE: A good rule to follow for a square knot
is left over right and right over left.
When tying a square knot, make sure the two
overhand knots are parallel. his means that each
running end must come out parallel to the standing
part of its own line. If your knot fails to meet this
test, you have tied what is known as a granny. A
granny knot should NEVER be used; it is unsafe
because it will slip under strain. A true square knot
instead of slipping under strain will only draw
The SHEEPSHANK is generally thought of as
merely a means to shorten a line, but, in an emergency,
it can also be used to take the load off a weak spot
in the line. To make a sheepshank, form two bights
Figure 4-10.Figure-eight knot
Figure 4-11.Square knot.