The fuel flows through the main jet that meters the amount of fuel entering the system. The fuel then flows into the main discharge tube and emulsion tube.
The emulsion tube causes air from the air bleed to mix with the fuel. The fuel, mixed with air, is finally pulled out the main nozzle and into the engine.
The full-power system provides a means of enriching the fuel mixture for high-speed, high-power conditions. This system operates, for example, when the driver presses the fuel pedal to pass another vehicle or to climb a steep hill. The full-power system is an addition to the high-speed system. Either a metering rod or a power valve (jet) can be used to provide variable, high-speed air-fuel ratio.
A metering rod is a stepped rod that moves in and out of the main jet to alter fuel flow. When the rod is down inside the jet, flow is restricted and a leaner fuel mixture results. When the rod is pulled out of the jet, flow is increased and a richer fuel mixture results for more power output. The metering rod is either mechanical-linkage or engine-vacuum operated.
The MECHANICAL LINKAGE metering rod (fig. 4-26) is linked to the throttle lever. Whenever the throttle is opened wide, the linkage lifts the metering rod out of the jet. When the throttle is closed, the linkage lowers the metering rod into the jet.
The VACUUM OPERATED metering rod (fig. 4-27) that is controlled by engine vacuum is connected to a diaphragm. At steady speeds, power demands are low and engine vacuum is high, and the piston pushes the metering rod into the jet against spring pressure, restricting the flow to the discharge tube. When the load increases, vacuum decreases, causing the piston spring to lift the metering rod out of the jet, progressively increasing the flow of fuel to the discharge tube.
Figure 4-27. - Vacuum operated metering rod.Continue Reading