Table 2-1.-Heat Colors for Steel
Table 2-2.-Approximate Soaking Periods for Hardening, Annealing, and Normalizing Steel
metal and the properties desired. Some metals are furnace-cooled, and others are cooled by burying them in ashes, lime, or other insulating materials.
Welding produces areas that have molten metal next to other areas that are at room temperature. As the weld cools, internal stresses occur along with hard spots and brittleness. Welding can actually weaken the metal. Annealing is just one of the methods for correcting these problems.
To produce the maximum softness in steel, you heat the metal to its proper temperature, soak it, and then let it cool very slowly. The cooling is done by burying the hot part in an insulating material or by shutting off the furnace and allowing the furnace and the part to cool together. The soaking period depends on both the mass of the part and the type of metal. The approximate soaking periods for annealing steel are given in table 2-2.Continue Reading