Figure 7-9. - A floor-mounted air-conditioning unit.
renewed or cleaned weekly or more often if necessary. Always stop the blower when changing filters to keep loose dust from circulating through the system. When the filters are permanent, they should be returned to the shop for cleaning. At least once a year, the unit should be serviced. When the unit is designed with spray humidifier, spray nozzle, water strainers, and cooling coils, each device should be cleaned each month to remove water solids and scale. Cooling coil casings, drain pans, fan scrolls, and fan wheels should be wire brushed and repainted when necessary. Oiling and greasing of the blower and motor bearings should be performed as required.
A heat pump removes heat from one place and puts it into another. A domestic refrigerator is a heat pump in that it removes heat from inside a box and releases it on the outside. The only difference between a refrigerator and a residential or commercial heat pump is that the latter can reverse its system. The heat pump is one of the most modern means of heating and cooling. Using no fuel, the electric heat pump automatically heats or cools as determined by outside temperature. The air type of unit works on the principle of removing heat from the atmosphere. No matter how cold the weather, some heat can always be extracted and pumped indoors to provide warmth. To cool during the hot months, this cycle is merely reversed with the unit removing heat from the area to be cooled and exhausting it to the outside air. The heat pump is designed to control the moisture in the air and to remove dust and pollen. Cool air, provided during hot weather, enters the area with uncomfortable moisture removed. In winter, when a natural atmosphere is desirable, air is not dried out when pumped indoors.Continue Reading