Figure 4-54. - Steam-atomizing burner.
Before attempting to start or to service oi I burners, see that you have the proper maintenance equipment available. One item of equipment needed is a pressure gauge set. This should consist of a 150 psi pressure gauge, fittings to connect it, and a petcock for removing the air from the oil line when starting the burner. You will need a full set of Allen setscrew wrenches for bypass plugs and for adjusting the nozzle holder and electrodes. Make sure you have a socket wrench of proper size for removing or replacing the
Figure 4-55. - Mechanical-atomizing burner.
nozzle, an open-end wrench as required for the nozzle holders, and a small thermostat wrench. This wrench comes packed with the thermostat and is used for adjusting the differential. A small screwdriver is required for adjusting pressure at the regulator and installing and servicing the thermostat. Another important item is pipe dope, and if available, use the oil-line type only. If in doubt, order a can of special oil-pipe dope for use on all pipe threads requiring dope. A nozzle assortment should also be kept on hand. It is cheaper to make a change, time considered, than to clean the nozzle on the job. When a few nozzles have accumulated, clean them in the shop.
When installing a nozzle, use a socket wrench for turning the nozzle. Be sure the nozzle seat is clean. Screw it on until it reaches the bottom, then back it off and retighten it several times to make sure of a tight oil seal. Do not overtighten the nozzle or the brass threads will become deformed, making it difficult to remove the nozzle.Continue Reading