Figure 5-12.Kitchen cabinet details.
4. Take the cabinet down off the ledger board; then
cut the back edges with either a handsaw or a plane to
the scribed line. Use a plane if you have to take off less
than an 1/8 of an inch. Use a handsaw, rather than the
saber or circular saw, because these saws cut on the
upstroke and can splinter out the face side. The
handsaw cuts on the downstroke which will not splinter
5. Place the cabinet back into position; then fasten
the cabinet into place with wood screws. Screws should
be of sufficient length to hold the cabinet securely.
Adjacent cabinets are installed in the same manner.
The back edges of these cabinets are scribed so their face
frames are flush with the cabinet previously installed.
Adjacent cabinets are fastened to each other by means
of screws or bolts through the ends or through the stiles
of the face frame.
Before base cabinets are installed, draw a level line
16 inches plus the thickness of the countertop below the
line previously drawn for the location of the wall units.
This action will be the location of the top of the base
units without the counter top. However, check your
plans and specifications for the proper height on the
counter top because it may vary.
1. First, locate and mark the location of all wall
studs where the cabinets are to be hung. Find and mark
the highest point in the floor. This action will ensure
the base cabinet is level on uneven floor surfaces.
(Shims should be used to maintain the cabinet at its
designated leveled height.)
2. Start the installation of a base cabinet with a
corner or end unit. After all base cabinets are in
position, fasten the cabinets together. To get maximum
holding power from screws, place one hole close to the
top and one close to the bottom.
3. Starting at the highest point in the floor, level
the leading edges of the cabinets. After leveling all the
leading edges, fasten them to the wall at the studs to
obtain maximum holding power.
Here are some helpful hints for the general
construction of cabinets:
Cabinet parts are fastened together with screws
or nails. They are set below the surface, and the
holes are filled with putty. Glue is used at all
joints. Clamps should be used to produce better
fitting glued joints.
A better quality cabinet is rabbeted where the top,
bottom, back, and side pieces come together.
However, butt joints are also used. If panels are
less than 3/4-inch thick, a reinforcing block