and working back toward the fan. (See fig. 13-12.) The type of diffuser and the air delivery design of each outlet should be noted.
3. Obtain data pertinent to motors, fans, diffusers, and grilles that are not given on drawings. This can usually be taken from the manufacturer's identification plate located on the component. This information is useful during the balancing process for comparing measured results with design conditions.
4. Make a visual check of the system to ascertain that all fans are rotating correctly. Also, that air filters are clean and properly installed.
5. Place all dampers in the open position. This includes volume balancing dampers, splitter dampers, outlet dampers, and fire dampers.
6. Check all necessary instruments prior to starting the balancing procedure. Always follow the manufacturer's recommendations for checking the calibration of instruments.
The procedures required for balancing most systems are similar. Balancing is a rigorous technique that, if properly done, yields excellent results. As with any set of procedures, each operation is necessary and must be performed in the correct sequence. The following procedures are general in nature and apply to most systems.
The first step of the procedure is to determine fan performance. The purpose for this is to ensure that there is sufficient static pressure and air volume being handled at the fan before balancing is started. The fan's revolutions per minute (rpm), the voltage and amperage of the fan motor, the fan static pressure, and the system's total airflow are indications of fan performance.
The fan rpm can be measured by a tachometer as shown in figure 13-13. You should take several readings to ensure an accurate reading. The results can be compared with the design conditions to determine performance.
You should use a multimeter to determine if the operating voltage and amperage of the fan motor are within the range of rated voltage and amperage indicated on the motor nameplate. The measured results can either be compared or used to calculate the brake horsepower. Use the manufacturer's recommended calculation to determine the brake horsepower.
You can determine the fan static pressure by attaching a velometer and static pressure probe to test tap holes located on the inlet and discharge duct of the fan, as shown in figure 13-14. Fan static pressure is the static pressure at the outlet minus the total pressure in the fan inlet. This
Figure 13-12.-Duct system working sketch.Continue Reading