1. Commpressor breakers.
2. Compressor starters.
3. Fan cycle controls.
4. High-pressure controls.
5. Oil failure controls.
6. Solid-state staging thermostat.
Figure 7-29. - Packaged air-cooled chiller controls.
cooling unit. The temperature-sensitive element may be a bimetallic strip or a confined, vaporized liquid.
The thermostats used with refrigerative air conditioners are similar to those used with heating equipment, except their action is reversed. The operating circuit is closed when the room temperature rises to the thermostat control point and remains closed until the cooling unit decreases the temperature enough. Also, cooling thermostats are not equipped with heat-anticipating coils.
Wall type of thermostats most common for heating and air conditioning in the home and on some commercial units use a bimetallic strip and a set of contacts, as shown in figure 7-30. This type of thermostat operates on the principle that when two dissimilar metals, such as brass and steel, are bonded together, one tends to expand faster than the other does when heat is applied. This causes the strip to bend and close the controls.
Figure 7-30. - Bimetallic thermostat.
As a Utilitiesman, you may be required to make an adjustment that sets the temperature difference between the cut-in and cutout temperatures. For example, if the system is set to cut in at 76F and cut out at 84F, then the differential is 8F. This condition prevents the unit from cycling continually as it would if there were no differential.
A room "humidistat" may be defined as a humidity-sensitive device controlling the equipment that maintains a predetermined humidity of the space where it is installed. The contact of the humidistat is opened and closed by the expansion or contraction of natural blonde hairs from human beings, which is one of the major elements of this control. It has been found that these types of hairs are most sensitive to the moisture content of the air surrounding them.
Pressure-flow controllers are discussed in chapter 6. The purpose of these controllers in air conditioning is to act as safety switches for the system, so if either the head pressure is too high or suction pressure too low, the system will be secured regardless of the position of the operating switches.
The refrigerant-flow controllers used with air conditioners are also similar to the ones discussed in chapter 6. These controllers are either of the capillary type or externally equalized expansion valve type andContinue Reading