The VIR thermostatic expansion valve controls the flow of refrigerant to the evaporator by sensing the temperature and pressure of the refrigerant gas, as it passes through the VIR unit on its way to the compressor. The POA valve controls the flow of refrigerant from the evaporator to maintain a constant evaporator pressure of 30 psi. The VIR and the POA valves are capsule type of valves. When found to be defective, you must replace the complete valve capsule.
The drier desiccant is in a bag in the receiver shell. It is replaceable by removing the shell and removing the old bag and installing a new bag of desiccant. Service procedures for the VIR system differ in some respect from the service procedures performed on conventional automotive air-conditioning systems.
Observe the following precautions whenever you are tasked to service air-conditioning equipment:
Never open or loosen a connection before discharging the system.
A system that has been opened to replace a component or one which has discharged through leakage must be evacuated before charging.
Immediately after disconnecting a component from the system, seal the open fittings with a cap or plug.
Before disconnecting a component from the system, clean the outside of the fittings thoroughly.
Do not remove the sealing caps from a replacement component until you are ready to install it.
Refrigerant oil absorbs moisture from the atmosphere if it is left uncapped. Do not open an oil container until it is ready to use, and install the cap immediately after using. Store the oil only in a clean, moisture-free container.
Before connecting to an open fitting, always install a new seal ring. Coat the fitting and seal with the refrigerant oil before connecting.
When installing a refrigerant line, avoid sharp bends. Position the line away from the exhaust or any sharp edges that may chafe the line.
Tighten the fittings only to specified torque. The copper and aluminum fittings that are used in refrigerant systems will not tolerate overtightening.
When disconnecting a fitting, use a wrench on both halves of the fitting to prevent twisting of refrigerant lines or tubes.
Do not open a refrigerant system or uncap a replacement component unless it is as close as possible to room temperature. This prevents condensation from forming inside a component that is cooler than the surrounding air.
Keep the service tools and work area clean. Contamination of a refrigerant system through careless work habits must be avoided.
Diagnosis is more than just following a series of interrelated steps to find the solution to a specific condition. It is a way of looking at systems that are not functioning the way they should and finding out why. Also, it is knowing how the system should work and whether it is working correctly. All good diagnosticians use the same basic procedures.
There are basic rules for diagnosis. If these rules are followed, the cause of the condition will usually be found the first time through the system.
1. Know the system; know how the parts go together. Also, know how the system operates and its limits, and what happens when something goes wrong. Sometimes this means comparing a system that is working properly with the one you are servicing.
2. Know the history of the system. How old or new is the system? What kind oftreatment has it had? Has it been serviced in the past in such a manner that might relate to the present condition? What is the service history? A clue in any of these areas might save a lot of diagnosis time.
3. Know the probability of certain conditions developing. It is true that most conditions are caused by simple things, rather than by complex ones, and they occur in a fairly predictable pattern. Electrical problem conditions, for instance, usually occur at connections, rather than in components. An engine "no-start" is more likely to be caused by a loose wire or some component out of adjustment than a sheared off camshaft. Know the difference between impossible and improbable. Many good technicians have spent hours diagnosing a system because they thought certain failures were "impossible," only to find out the failuresContinue Reading